- This article is about the lore of the nation and city of Dalaran. For the original territory in Lordaeron, see Dalaran Crater. For the city in-game and everything gameplay related, see Dalaran.
Its capital, also called Dalaran (or Dalaran City or the City of Dalaran and pronounced DAHL-uh-RAWN) was originally located near the shores of Lordmare Lake but after its destruction and rebuilding it has been moving through the skies of Azeroth. First over the Crystalsong Forest in Northrend during the time of the War against the Lich King, and later near the shores of the Broken Isles during the third invasion of the Burning Legion.
- 1 History
- 2 People and culture
- 3 Geography
- 4 Dalaran in Warcraft II
- 5 Notable members
- 6 In the RPG
- 7 Film universe
- 8 Notes & trivia
- 9 Speculation
- 10 Gallery
- 11 References
Founding and early history
Dalaran was one of several city-states that emerged as the Arathorian Empire declined. Long ago, most human magicians lived in Strom but eventually many fled leaving the restraining confines of Strom behind and traveled to Dalaran, where they hoped to use their new powers with greater freedom, wanting a place more suited to extensive use and study of magic. There, these magicians used their skills to build up the enchanted spires of the city and reveled in the pursuit of their studies. More wizards followed, and the city became a haven for magi and a center of arcane study. The citizens of Dalaran tolerated the magicians' endeavors and built up a bustling economy under the protection of their magic-using defenders. With the mages of Dalaran protecting the inhabitants who weren't magic-users with powerful protection spells, Dalaran became a decadent, extravagant paradise. Later it was found that Dalaran had been built atop a massive ley line.
Yet, as their numbers and influence grew with more and more magi practiced their arts, the fabric of reality around Dalaran began to weaken and tear. The wizards's overuse of magic with no proper protection or regulation acted as a beacon for the Burning Legion, luring them back to Azeroth. Demons slipped through the gaps in reality, terrorizing the locals until the ruling Magocrats were forced to turn to the elves for aid. The Convocation of Silvermoon sent high elven wizards who quickly realized what had happened. Though not a prominent thread, they warned that if humanity continued to wield magic the demons would never be completely eradicated. The Magocrats, unwilling to sacrifice their power, instead proposed selecting a mortal champion to protect them from the Legion. This Guardian would have access to all their might, and would form a secret defense for the world. The elven lords decided to reveal them the history of ancient Kalimdor and the Burning Legion. Finally the elves agreed and, through the newly formed Order of Tirisfal, provided guidance in the selection. At the same time, the Magocrats sent some of their number to research and catalog all human magic. These wizards would eventually become the Kirin Tor, a specialized organization that was charged with cataloging and researching every spell, artifact, and magic item known at the time. Under the vigilant watch of the Order, Dalaran became the chief center of learning for magicians throughout the land.
In time, the Kirin Tor became the city's ruling power. Dalaran, though not a large city, was a beautiful place of towering spires and glittering streets, and the people there were happy and well protected. The Kirin Tor's headquarters was the Violet Citadel, an impressive building so named for its stone walls which gave off a faint violet light. The building had many libraries, research chambers, testing rooms, classrooms, meeting alcoves and bedrooms.
Dalaran established a friendship with Silvermoon, which while tested, would stand for over two thousand years to come. Although predominantly a human city, some elves, including their own crown prince , would study, live, and even rule in Dalaran at one point or another. According to , some of these elves were among those who had taught humans magic to begin with. Some gnomes, dwarves, and even goblins would also come to reside in Dalaran.
Second WarThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness or its expansion Beyond the Dark Portal.
During the Second War, Dalaran pledged to support the Alliance of Lordaeron and gave large amounts of aid, magi and sorcerers to the war effort. It was home to the four towers, sanctum to the lands' greatest sorcerers. Some of its citizens were captured by Alterac and the city itself was attacked by the Horde, and so the wizards had to focus their magics in a device known as the Eye of Dalaran in order to rebuild it to its former glory.
Though the Dark Portal was destroyed, in the aftermath of the Second War the Kirin Tor noticed that a rift remained that connected Azeroth and Draenor together, and so they build up the Nethergarde Keep with the help of the other nations of the Alliance in order to watch over the rift. After the war, and his death knights, aided by , were able to successfully enter the Arcane Vault located in the city of Dalaran and steal the Eye of Dalaran from it.
The Kirin Tor also developed an interest in the defeated orcs' strange lethargy. Although Dalaran remained loyal to the fractured Alliance in the war's aftermath, it was noted for being politically aloof and secretive - magi of the Kirin Tor did not get involved in "ordinary" politics, and outsiders were rarely welcome in Dalaran, even visiting royalty.
Third WarThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos or its expansion The Frozen Throne.
Dalaran was the home of an incredibly large library of books and tomes, in addition to many of the greatest sorcerers of the day including , , , and . It was also the site of the vault where the staff of Medivh, Atiesh, was kept after the master mage's death. However after the Scourge was unleashed upon the land, one of their primary target would be Dalaran.
The nation found itself powerless to stop Prince Arthas and his forces when he led the Scourge through Lordaeron. Antonidas instructed Jaina Proudmoore to take a number of citizens and flee to Kalimdor. Not long after, the city itself was attacked by the Scourge led by Arthas. The Dalaran Guard Towers and the archmagi organizations in the city tried to defend it but they, alongside the powerful Archmage Antonidas, fell to Arthas in battle shortly after. Arthas acquired the spellbook of Medivh, which utilized to summon , who destroyed the city in merely seconds. The great demon single-handedly laid waste to the city by creating a magical effigy out of the dust, which he then crushed; the mighty towers of Dalaran fell simultaneously. Later, the remnants of the city went to chaos, with mutants, renegade wizards and berserk water elementals roaming the streets.
Soon after the defeat of the Burning Legion atop Mount Hyjal, Dalaran's ruins were taken over by Grand Marshal Garithos and the Alliance Remnants, who were battling the Scourge in Lordaeron. Not only the city was infested by the undead but also its tunnels and dungeons under it. Prince and his brethren had also arrived to join forces with Garithos, but his animosity toward the elves led to the prince and his army being detained in Dalaran's dungeons and sentenced to mass execution. With effort, they escaped to Outland, leaving Dalaran behind them. What power the surviving Kirin Tor members had in Dalaran around this period remains vague, although some (such as Modera and Ansirem Runeweaver) are believed to have been present.
World of WarcraftThis section concerns content exclusive to World of Warcraft.
At some point, the surviving wizards of Dalaran returned to the ruins and constructed a vast, magical dome around the heart of their city. Some believe it was for protection from the violence of these times, others say they merely wanted solitude, to study and plot. The shield was opaque and completely impenetrable by any known means warding off any new attack while the magi slowly regained their strength. The area and ruined outskirts of their city was patrolled by the wizards and their elemental slaves, but the dome is powerful enough to destroy creatures that venture too close.
The region was was also the site of a guerrilla war between the Alliance and the Forsaken. The thieves of the Bloodstone Artifacts led by were granted asylum from the Forsaken and the relics were quarantined in the Lordamere Internment Camp by the wizards. then spent days studying the bloodstones.
The Kirin Tor also have forces stationed in Ambermill, Nethergarde Keep, the Lordamere Internment Camp and parts of Silverpine Forest. Dalaran also has a strong presence in Outland. Dalaran's army is largely responsible for the survival of Alliance power in Silverpine; without the aid of the magi, the town of Pyrewood Village would have fallen to the Scourge long ago. All travelers in southern Silverpine will note the massive presence of Dalaran's troops. The city is the northern-most state with a sizeable force after the invasion of the Scourge.
RelocationThis section concerns content exclusive to the World of Warcraft manga.
Eventually, the city, including the Violet Citadel, was magically moved by the Kirin Tor to Northrend, floating above the Crystalsong Forest — close to the border with Icecrown where the stronghold of the is located. In its original location, a crater was left.
Shortly after the city of Dalaran, which was raised above the skies of Northrend to counter the growing threat of the , was attacked by the forces of the Blue Dragonflight who laid open siege to the floating city, led by their leader, the fallen Aspect of Magic, . Archmages , Modera and combined their efforts to hold off the assault, magically creating a massive shield around the city and, despite the initially unfavorable odds and treachery from within their ranks, the Kirin Tor eventually manage to drive away Malygos and his flight.
Wrath of the Lich King
|This section is a lore stub.|
Archmage was chosen to lead the Kirin Tor and led the reconstruction of Dalaran and its defenses. Though traditionally barred from Dalaran, the Horde was accepted into the city through the efforts of Archmage , who sought the aid of his people back in Quel'Thalas on behalf of the Kirin Tor.. With this decision, Dalaran declared itself a neutral city during the War against the Lich King.
One thing to take into consideration is that three of Dalaran's best wizards: , Jaina and , have had positive dealings with Horde individuals in the past. Also, studied the effects of the orcs' lethargy extensively enough to know that orcs could be reasonable in the absence of their demonic bloodlust. The Horde's allies, the blood elves, have been allies and productive members of the Kirin Tor for over 2,000 years and have vouched for them. The inclusion of blood elves within the Kirin Tor's ranks and the Horde supporter in the Council of Six ensured the Horde a sanctuary within the city, though Rhonin's wife was opposed to this notion.
The Council of Six are the ones to preside over the magical city of Dalaran, though only , Archmage Aethas Sunreaver and its leader are seen within the city. As base of operations, the Alliance was given the Silver Enclave which was the base of the Silver Covenant. For the Horde, they were given the base of the blood elven Sunreavers, the Sunreaver's Sanctuary.
Evidently, the blue dragonflight, led by , declared war on all mortal magic-users including the magic city of Dalaran and all its denizens. From up above the skies of Crystalsong Forest, the main factions located in the city, stand in defiance against the blue dragonflight as well as the Scourge forces of the .
The nation was invited by the leadership of the Alliance to send a representative to their diplomatic meeting, though declined to do so, citing its desire to retain its neutrality and continue to help bridge the gaps between the Alliance and the Horde.
Tides of WarThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft novels or short stories.
After a desperate goes to Dalaran for aid in seeking the stolen Focusing Iris, Rhonin sends him to Jaina Proudmoore in the hopes that she might be able to aid him in his search. However, as Jaina and Kalecgos soon learn of Garrosh Hellscream's ambitions to conquer the whole of Kalimdor, starting with a brutal attack on Jaina's own stronghold, Jaina herself visits Dalaran on Kalecgos's advice, requesting for assistance in staving off the impending Horde invasion.
Despite Rhonin's initial reluctance to involve the neutral Kirin Tor into a conflict between the Alliance and the Horde, the Council of Six ultimately agree to provide limited assistance to in the defense of Theramore Isle. A Sunreaver agent was a part of the Horde's attack on the city, though Aethas later denies responsibility and vowed to atone for Thalen's treachery. During the attack, Rhonin sacrificed himself in an attempt to localize Garrosh's mana bomb detonation, sparing Jaina from death. Following his death, the Kirin Tor, while refusing to launch an attack on Orgrimmar in retaliation for Theramore's decimation, chose Jaina as Rhonin's replacement and as the new leader of the Council of Six.
Mists of PandariaThis section concerns content exclusive to Mists of Pandaria.
While the Alliance and the Horde were clashing in Pandaria, Jaina discovered that Sunreavers had helped steal the Divine Bell by using Dalaran portals to infiltrate Darnassus, which lead to the conception of the mana bomb that destroyed her city. Jaina mobilized the Kirin Tor, Alliance forces and the Silver Covenant to purge the Horde from Dalaran. Though Aethas Sunreaver claimed he knew nothing of Garrosh's scheme, Jaina nonetheless chose to incarcerate him and his Sunreavers after Aethas refused to order his people to leave the city peacefully. Those that surrendered were imprisoned in the Violet Hold while those that resisted were put to the sword, after which Jaina pledged the Kirin Tor to Varian's war cause, effectively bringing Dalaran back into the Alliance. The purge also put an end to Dalaran's alliance with Silvermoon, which had stood for over 2,000 years.
|This section is a lore stub.|
Right after the Battle for the Broken Shore, that marked the beginning of the third invasion of the Burning Legion, arranged for Dalaran to move to Deadwind Pass in order to aid in the protection of the Eastern Kingdoms. Dalaran was hovering over Deadwind Pass and more particularly Karazhan.
The entire city had been moved by a giant Blink spell, and all the shops were ordered to close down because of the various troubles created by that sudden transportation. Some citizens were now suffering of dizziness and nausea, while others were re-materialized at the wrong place and were stuck in walls or in various other objects. Some of them were even fleeing because of unstable energy running amok in the city. Several recovery specialists such as , Brilda and as well as the nurses at the First to Your Aid clinic were trying to fix their problems. The content of the Dalaran Merchant Bank's coffers had been thrown out, and several Kirin Tor Guardians had to protect the bankers while they were working on fixing the situation. himself was stuck on a toy zeppelin flying around the city. The entrance to the city sewers were shut and Krasus' Landing was damaged by fel energy.
Believing that the Kirin Tor needed the help of both the Alliance and the Horde, called the Council of Six to vote on letting the Horde back into the city. While Jaina and Ansirem were completely against it, the vote was carried and passed. Feeling betrayed, Jaina, outraged, teleported out of Dalaran, leaving Khadgar effectively in charge. Together with an adventurer, Khadgar then searched Ulduar and Karazhan for means to stop the Legion's advance and close the portal in the Tomb of Sargeras, and discovered that such a feat would be possible with the help of five titanic artifacts called the Pillars of Creation, which laid scattered over the Broken Isles.
The Burning Legion then launched an attack on the city. With that confirmation they had the right objective, the Council cast a spell to teleport Dalaran to the southern shores of the Broken Isles in close proximity to Azsuna, so it would once again serve as a hub for Azeroth's heroes at the front lines in the renewed war against the Legion when countless forces pour from the Tomb of Sargeras.
With Jaina's departure, Kalecgos and Vargoth filled out the Council of Six's membership. Aethas was allowed to return to Dalaran, although not as a member of the council.
The tallest spire atop the Violet Citadel is actually a weapon used for the defense of the city, but has been sabotaged by the Legion. The dreadlord , helpless and imprisoned within the , has his power siphoned to re-power the weapon.
After the death of Kil'jaeden and Illidan's use of the Sargerite Keystone, Argus appeared in the sky of Azeroth. Dalaran's citizens grew worried, specially as doomsayers started to spread panic.
People and culture
The demonym for things originating from Dalaran is "Dalaranian".
Dalaran has been a hub for the Alliance and the Horde in their wars against the and the Burning Legion. Three main factions have the most influence over the city.
- Kirin Tor - The main body of the city with its leaders of the Council ruling over it. Neutral to the Alliance and the Horde. Led by Archmage .
- Silver Covenant - Supporters of the Alliance and hostile to the Horde. Led by .
- Sunreavers - Representatives of the Horde and hostile to the Alliance. Led by Archmage and former Council member, .
Lore-wise, during the Third War, the city was also inhabited by the Sorcerers' League and Mages' Guild, two Alliance-aligned wizard-factions that fought alongside the Kirin Tor against the Scourge. As they haven't been mentioned since then, they were possibly either destroyed or fused with the Kirin Tor. With the Horde being purged from Dalaran, the Sunreavers were forced to leave the city, but their leader, among other blood elves, were shown to rejoin it in World of Warcraft: Legion.
A large, gaping crater has replaced the old location of Dalaran, with a weakened shield in place of the opaque dome, though there is some purplish smoke around the site — possibly residue from magic dome or the city's (literally) earth-shaking exit. It was located near the southern shores of the Lordamere Lake, north of the Hillsbrad Foothills. The city itself currently hovers over the Broken Isles after having moved from Northrend.
Dalaran's position in Warcraft II.
Dalaran in Warcraft IIThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness or its expansion Beyond the Dark Portal.
Leader: The Kirin Tor
Nation Color: Violet
Background: Dalaran is a small, magocratic nation ruled by a conclave of Wizards known as the Kirin Tor. The capital of Dalaran is the Violet Citadel at Cross Island. This nexus of supernatural forces is home to the four great towers that are sanctum to many of the land's greatest sorcerers. The Kirin Tor are strong supporters of the Alliance and to its cause have devoted the knowledge contained within their voluminous libraries as well as the power of their awesome magiks.
- Main article: Council of Six
- - Formerly 's apprentice, he was the member of the council that suggested appointing Jaina as their leader, following the events of the attack on Theramore. Now leads the council as of Jaina's departure.
- - Known member of the council. Like Modera, he was on the council when Garithos condemned Kael'thas.
- - Joined the Kirin Tor after the fall of Theramore.
- - An alchemist and mage. Once at the mercy of his emotions, he has since become one of the most controlled and thoughtful members of the Kirin Tor.
- - The longest-standing member.
- - Survivor of the Alliance Expedition and former resident and notable of Kirin'Var Village.
|History||Second War||Invasion of the Scourge||Reconstruction||War against the Lich King||War against Deathwing||Discovery of Pandaria||War against the Iron Horde||Third Invasion of the Burning Legion|
In the RPGThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.
Dalaran was one of the original city-states founded during the Arathorian Empire. Since its inception, the city has served as a hub of magical knowledge and experimentation in Lordaeron and the world. A multi-racial wizards’ council called the Kirin Tor ruled the city for centuries, overseeing Dalaran from the Violet Citadel — a great, slender spire in the city’s heart that housed the most extensive libraries and greatest laboratories in the world.
The traitor Prince laid siege to Dalaran in the Third War. He murdered its citizens, including the great archmage Antonidas, and broke into the city’s heart. His ally, the lich Kel’Thuzad, then summoned Archimonde, the Burning Legion’s leader. Archimonde wielded foul magic to topple the city’s towers and sunder its walls. Shortly after Dalaran’s fall, the undead abandoned the city to the wind and mist. Months later, a resistance force led by the surviving Dalaran wizards arrived and laid claim to the ruins. Pooling their magical power, the wizards covered Dalaran in an opaque magical sphere. It is unknown what occurs beneath the dome and the wizards warn others not to get too close. The magi are certainly working on something — but none can discover what it is.
Despite its hardships during the Third War, the Kirin Tor refused to abandon their home. After returning to the ruins, they destroyed those few undead creatures that remained, and reclaimed their city. They erected a glowing dome around the entire city, powerful enough to destroy anyone who touches it, while they worked to rebuild their fallen city long the headquarters of magical study in the world of Azeroth. The dome was impenetrable, violet and opaque — nothing could be seen beyond it. Located on Lordamere Lake's southern shore, the original location is a low-pressure region. The environment creates mists and clouds, the air is cool and damp. A rise to the city's east marked where the demon lord used his magic to shatter the city's spires. There were a few wrecked houses, with empty streets. Not much there.
Today, the Magocracy of Dalaran continues to rule its nation, the city. Despite the destruction of its capital, Dalaran has remained an important member of the Alliance. The exact number of people living within Dalaran's protective dome is unknown, but believed to be around 3,000 or so and only 120 of them are members of the Kirin Tor. Mostly wizards and their conjured or created guardians inhabit Dalaran, and the city possesses few real citizens. A couple hundred troops probably dwell within and can be mustered when the call to arms is sounded. Wizards are often seen outside the dome. In particular, Archmage Ansirem Runeweaver constantly moves about the dome’s periphery. The archmage seems to be in charge of Dalaran and leads a conclave of fellow wizards in their vigil of the dome. The mages hold no love for the Scourge. They would see it destroyed.
Relations with other kingdoms
Though Dalaran had been an independent nation at some point after the Third War, it has recently pledged itself to the Alliance. Dalaran considers all Alliance nations to be their allies. They are officially at war with the Scourge, although they have driven the Scourge far enough away from their borders for this to not be a real war any longer. Dalaran is also opposed to the Syndicate. They openly support war with the Qiraji of Silithus. During the Nexus War, Dalaran was at war with the Blue dragonflight. With ' death, tensions appear to have ceased but mortals are still wary of blue dragons due to their participation in Malygos' schemes.
The Violet Citadel does not support the Scarlet Crusade openly, but accept their movements and operations as long as they continue to cause disorder among the undead. They had also been at open war with the Forsaken and did not have much dealings with the Horde, having been invaded by them during the Second War.
Film universeThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft film universe.
Khadgar travels to Dalaran to meet with the Kirin Tor. Initially scorned by the Kirin Tor who once trained him, the runaway Novitiate uses his research to convince Archmage Antonidas to assist him in seeking help for the Guardian's corruption. He is then led to an ancient artifact with a cube form. In response to his presence, the magical cube opens and allows the young mage inside. In the magical interior of the cube, Khadgar encounters the entity that he saw in Karazhan, Alodi, who explains that she has used the last of her power to bring him to her. She tells him that the Guardian has been corrupted, and that Khadgar must defeat him, repeating the words found in the tome he stole from Karazhan: "From light comes darkness, and from darkness, light." Knowing what he must do, the young mage leaves Dalaran and returns to Stormwind to free Lothar.
Archmage Antonidas would later attend King Llane Wrynn's funeral, as a representative of Dalaran and the Kirin Tor.
The nation of Dalaran is depicted close to its World of Warcraft incarnation. It is led by Archmage Antonidas. The nation participated in the council that would eventually lead to the creation of the Alliance.
- By the time of the opening of the Great Gate, Dalaran has already become a flying city. It notably contains the Chamber of Air, located within the Violet Citadel.
Notes & trivia
- Dalaran has a cemetery.
- The city's foundation has cracks.
- Dalaran and Dalaran Ruins are melee tilesets in Warcraft III and The Frozen Throne, representing the city before and after its destruction by Archimonde.
- The Kirin Tor floated the city so that no ground assault by the Scourge could reach them again.
- When introduced himself to , he told him he is from Dalaran in the kingdom of Lordaeron.
- In Beyond the Dark Portal, a Dalaran expedition was depicted as having reached the Broken Shore. They had built internment camps for the Old Horde survivors there, and had sealed the entry of the Tomb of Sargeras with two elven runestones and numerous soldiers.
- In the canceled Warcraft Adventures, a bulletin board inside Durnholde Keep indicated that the Kirin Tor was recruiting, complete with a little drawing of a mage tower.
- Even though it was never led by a king, Dalaran is still referred to as a kingdom.
- Dalaran has a Battle Ball team called the Dalaran Destroyers, but don't seem to win much.
- The Kirin Tor with their floating magocracy closely resemble Forgotten Realms' Netheril, one of the ancient human empires of Faerûn. However when their leader Karsus attempted to steal the power of Mystryl, goddess of magic, magic ceased to exist and there remained nothing to hold the cities up.
- The Violet Gardens and the Halls of Magic used to be in the city of Dalaran.
- Fresh Alterac grass is apparently still growing on the earth outside the walls of the floating Dalaran island.
The two districts in the city occupied by foreigners, the Greyfang Enclave (former Silver Enclave) and the Windrunner's Sanctuary (former Sunreaver's Sanctuary), may have been previously occupied by the Sorcerers' League and the Mages' Guild, the other organizations that inhabited Dalaran alongside the Kirin Tor prior to the Third War.
Concept art of Dalaran while still in the Alterac Mountains.
Concept art for the Warcraft film.
A vision of Dalaran falling from the sky, as shown by to in Harbingers.
Dalaran attacked by the Legion.
- ^ Hearthstone: Announcing the Knights of the Frozen Throne
- ^ Grubb, Jeff. The Last Guardian, 127. ISBN 978-0-6710-4151-9.
- ^ a b c d In the Shadow of the Sun
- ^ Betrayal and the Destruction of Alterac (WC2 Human)
- ^ The Siege of Dalaran (WC2 Orc)
- ^ a b The Eye of Dalaran (WC2 Orc)
- ^ Warcraft II: Beyond the Dark Portal manual, The Aftermath of the Second War
- ^ Beyond the Dark Portal, chapter 15.
- ^ Rise of the Lich King
- ^ Misconceptions (WC3 BloodElf)
- ^ The Dungeons of Dalaran (WC3 BloodElf)
- ^ Mage (manga)
- ^ World of Warcraft: Mage
- ^ Blizzard Entertainment. Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos Manual, 82.
- ^ Nexus War
- ^ MMO-Champion Blue Tracker - Dalaran and Cataclysm
- ^ Wolfheart
- ^ Dave Kosak on Twitter
- ^ Dalaran over Karazhan phases in after completing the Broken Shore scenario.
- ^ Unseen Protection: Defending Dalaran
- ^ Encounter at Krasus' Landing
- ^ https://twitter.com/Loreology/status/443056949995659264
- ^ Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness manual, Nations of the Alliance, Dalaran
- ^ Tides of War
- ^ Day of the Dragon
- ^ Arthaus. Lands of Conflict, 91. ISBN 9781588469601.
- ^ Arthaus. World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 20. ISBN 9781588467812.
- ^ White Wolf. Alliance Player's Guide, 154-155. ISBN 9781588467737.
- ^ Arthaus. Lands of Conflict, 90-91. ISBN 9781588469601.
- ^ Arthaus. Lands of Conflict, 90. ISBN 9781588469601.
- ^ White Wolf. Alliance Player's Guide, 155. ISBN 9781588467737.
- ^ Arthaus. Lands of Conflict, 90, 91. ISBN 9781588469601.
- ^ Arthaus. World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 13. ISBN 9781588467812.
- ^ Warcraft
- ^ Warcraft: The Official Movie Novelization, page 10
- ^ Waking the Dead
- ^ Glowing Foundations
- ^ Sean Copeland on Twitter (2014-01-30) (dead link)
- ^ The Last Guardian, chapter 1
- ^ The Tomb of Sargeras (WC2x Orc)
- ^ The World of Warcraft Townhall/Classes#The Mage, Dalaran being among the Seven Kingdoms and
- ^ The Fate of Apprentice Argoly