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Help:Special page

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See http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Meta-Wiki HelpIntro for basic MediaWiki usage!

The namespace "Special:" consists of "special pages". These have no corresponding wikitext; they are created by the software on demand. Some depend on the preferences that have been set, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, and the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

Example of alphabetic list as a special page

In the case of alphabetic lists of pages, ASCII order is used. In particular, a-z come after A-Z. The blank space within a page name is treated as an underscore, and therefore comes after the capitals, and before the lower case letters. However, a "blank space" after the name comes before any character. Sometimes a special character looks like a regular letter, but has a special code anyway.

Thus we have the order PC, PCX, PC Bruno, PCjr, Κ�?�?ια Σελίδα.

For the allowed characters in the lower range the order is:

!%&'()-./[0-9]:;?[A-Z]_[a-z]

Other special characters come at the end.

Special pages for all users

General use

Special pages 
Special:Specialpages : A list of the other special pages
Recent changes 
Special:RecentChanges : The latest edits in the project. (http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Recent Changes help)
Related changes 
Special:RecentChangesLinked : List of changes made recently to pages linked from a specified page (or to members of a specified category)

Searching

Search 
Special:Search : Search files (names and summaries) and pages based on string(s) and optional namespaces (defaults to Main and File
External link search 
Special:LinkSearch : Search external links by search patterm (wildcards such as "*.wikipedia.org" may be used; supported protocols: http://, https://, ftp://, irc://, gopher://, telnet://, nntp://, worldwind://, mailto:, news:, svn://, and xmpp:)
MIME search 
Special:MIMESearch : List files filtered by MIME type (input: contenttype/subtype, e.g. image/jpeg)

User specific

Change password 
Special:ChangePassword : Change your user password
Preferences 
Special:Preferences : Set your user preferences. (http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Setting preferences in MediaWiki)
My watchlist 
Special:Watchlist : Show the pages you are watching. (http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Watchlist help)
Login 
Special:UserLogin : Log in as a user, if not currently logged in
Logout 
Special:UserLogout : Logout, if currently logged in as a user

File related

Upload file 
Special:Upload : Upload a file to the wiki. (http://meta.wikimedia.org/ Upload help)
Image list 
Special:ListFiles, Special:Imagelist : List of images uploaded that can be sorted by size or date
New files 
Special:NewFiles : new file uploaded - newest files uploaded, with name, user who uploaded the file, upload date and time, and current size
Wanted files 
Special:WantedFiles : Links to un-uploaded files by rank.
Unused files 
Special:UnusedFiles, Special:Unusedimages : List of unused files (mostly images)
File path 
Special:FilePath : Show complete path for a file (images are shown in full resolution, other file types are started with their associated program directly)

Page lists

Orphaned pages 
Special:LonelyPages : Articles with no links to them in the wiki, otherwise known as orphaned articles.
Uncategorized pages 
Special:Uncategorizedpages : Pages without category tags (note that after adding a tag to a page refreshing this page does not immediately reflects the change)
Wanted pages 
Special:WantedPages : Links to uncreated pages by rank.
Fewest revisions 
Special:FewestRevisions : Pages with low revision counts in order of least revisions
Short pages 
Special:ShortPages - pages in the main namespace, with size (of the wikitext excluding that of templates used) in bytes, in order of increasing size
Long pages 
Special:LongPages - pages in the main namespace, with size in bytes, in order of decreasing size
Without language links 
Special:WithoutInterwiki : Pages without language links
New pages 
Special:NewPages : new pages in the main namespace - newest pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation
Oldest pages 
Special:AncientPages - pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, in order of creation
Dead-end pages 
Special:DeadendPages : Pages without any outgoing links
Broken redirects 
Special:BrokenRedirects : Redirects that link to non-existent pages
Double redirects 
Special:DoubleRedirects : Pages which redirect to other redirect pages
Disambiguation linked pages 
Special:Disambiguations ; List of pages that link to {{disambig}} pages and the disambig pages they link to
Redirects 
Special:ListRedirects : List of pages that are redirects and the page they link to
Protected pages 
Special:ProtectedPages : List protected pages based on several criteria

Category related

Category tree 
Special:CategoryTree : Category subtree or tree based on specified category to start with
Uncategorized categories 
Special:UnusedCategories : List uncategorized categories alphabetically
Wanted categories 
Special:WantedCategories : List of uncreated categories (category page) by rank

Template related

Uncategorized templates 
Special:UncategorizedTemplates : List uncategorized templates alphabetically
Unused templates 
Special:UnusedTemplates : List unused templates alphabetically
Wanted templates 
Special:WantedTemplates : List of uncreated templates by rank

Wiki info

All pages 
Special:AllPages : "All pages by title" : pages in the main namespace in alphabetical order; may be temporarily disabled.
All pages with prefix 
Special:PrefixIndex : display pages based on entered "prefix" text and selected namespace in alphabetical order; may be temporarily disabled.
Categories 
Special:Categories : Lists all categories alphabetically
Logs 
Special:Log : Show a variety of wiki activity information logs
Statistics 
Special:Statistics : Total number of pages and users
User group rights 
Special:ListGroupRights : Lists user group rights in bullet-ed list by group
Version 
Special:Version : The version of the software the site is currently running

User listing

List of blocked IP addresses and usernames 
Special:BlockList, Special:Ipblocklist : Blocked IPs and usernames
User list 
Special:ListUsers, Special:Listusers : A list of all registered users (No group, Rollback, Bots, Administrators, and Bureaucrats).
Admins list 
Special:ListUsers/sysop, Special:Listadmins : A list of all Administrators. See Special:ListUsers/bureaucrat for a list of bureaucrats.

Misc

Contributions 
Special:Contributions : List contributions of a specified user by namespace and optional date range; ; use [[Special:Contributions/username]] to make a link specifying page directly
What links here 
Special:WhatLinksHere : List files and pages that link to a specified page with optional namespace; use [[Special:WhatLinksHere/optional_namespace:pagename]] to make a link specifying page directly
Random page 
Special:Randompage : Redirects to a random page from in the global namespace which is not a redirect.
Book sources 
Special:Booksources : ISBN lookup
Edit count 
Special:Editcount : Show number of edits by a specified user (shows by namespace in current wiki and all Wikia wikis)
Protected titles 
Special:Booksources : List protected (unusable) page titles
Export pages 
Special:Export : Exports the source of individual wiki pages, optionally with their histories, in a thin XML wrapper which includes metadata (time, etc.).

Restricted special pages

Multiple file upload 
Special:MultipleUpload : Sysop only. Upload up to 10 files at once. Doesn't allow categories or templates in summary field.
Block user 
Special:Block, Special:Blockip : Sysop only. Used to block or unblock users, IPs and ranges of IPs.
Deleted user contributions 
Special:DeletedContributions : Show deleted user contributions based on IP or username by namespace.
View or restore deleted pages 
Special:Undelete : Sysop only. One way to undelete a page.
User rights management 
Special:UserRights : Sysop or Bureaucrat only. Demote/promote users or add them to different groups.
Import pages 
Special:Import : Sysop only. Import pages as XML data (best to use Special:Export to generate data).
Lock database 
Special:Lockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read only mode.
Unlock database 
Special:Unlockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read/write mode.

Sysop maintenance special pages

All system messages 
Special:Allmessages : Displays all pages in the MediaWiki namespace. Editing these pages is restricted and will affect wiki UI.
Duplicate file search 
Special:FileDuplicateSearch : Search for duplicate files (without File: prefix) on basis of its hash value
Tags 
Special:Tags : Lists the tags that the software may mark an edit with, and their meaning; developer only?
Unwatched pages 
Special:UnwatchedPages : List pages that aren't on any watch lists

Currently unavailable special pages

Popular pages 
Special:Popularpages : The most visited pages. Currently disabled.

Logs

Miscellaneous

Special pages can be linked to as usual, like [[Special:Recentchanges]], and when they have parameters, the parameters follow after a backslash after the name, for example Special:RecentChanges/days=3,limit=10 (last 10 changes).

"Special:" in URLs is e.g. "Speciaal" in Dutch, "Spezial" in German, "Speciális:" in Hungarian and "מיוחד:" in Hebrew. See e.g. the prefix of "Recentchanges" in the URL of the link to the Recent changes.


Also, some special pages appear on the sidebar because they act differently depending on what page they target for an action.

What sidebar special pages specific to current page do
  • What links here – Shows what other wiki pages link to the page you're on (links to this page have been added to various spots in the wiki, so you can see it at work).
  • Related changes – Shows recent changes to wiki pages that link from the page you're on (these links only exist to see how this special page works: Category talk:Game terms, Rumored Expansions).

See also