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This article is about the human lore. For the playable race, see Human (playable).
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Esarus thar no'Darador' - By Blood and Honor We Serve.
— Archaic human saying.

Humans (collectively referred to as mankind or humanity) are a resilient species native to the world of Azeroth. Recent discoveries have shown that humans are descended from the barbaric vrykul, half-giant warriors who live in Northrend. Early humans were primarily a scattered and tribal people for several millennia, until the rising strength of the troll empire forced their strategic unification. Thus the nation of Arathor was formed, along with its capital, the city-state of Strom.

After several centuries of peace, however, the increasingly prosperous and independent city-states of Arathor split into separate kingdoms: Gilneas to the west, Alterac, Dalaran, and Lordaeron to the northwest, Kul Tiras to the southwest, and Stormwind to the far south. Strom itself was renamed Stromgarde and remained a significantly powerful kingdom.

But disaster struck when the orcish Horde appeared on Azeroth, reducing Stormwind to ruins during the First War between orcs and humans. The city’s survivors, including the young prince, Varian Wrynn, fled to Lordaeron, where the leaders of the seven kingdoms resolved to unify once again in the Alliance of Lordaeron. Joined together, they succeeded in defeating the Horde during the Second War.

Tensions grew among the kingdoms, however, as the costs for maintaining the Alliance rose much higher than originally anticipated. Unwilling to pay the taxes, the leaders of Gilneas and Stromgarde chose to withdraw their kingdoms from the Alliance. Further disaster came when the kingdom of Lordaeron was decimated by a mysterious plague that killed thousands of humans and converted them into undead servants of the Lich King. Even Lordaeron’s prince, Arthas Menethil, was manipulated by the Lich King, leading Arthas to kill his own father and journey to Northrend, where he merged with his master. For the next five years, the Lich King remained in Northrend, plotting and building up his armies.

But unleashing the plague of undeath was merely preparation for an invasion by the demonic Burning Legion, which had long sought to destroy all life on Azeroth. When the Legion struck, humans banded together with other races and secured a costly victory during the Third War. Recently, members of the Horde and the Alliance launched separate campaigns in Northrend, and their efforts resulted in the Lich King’s crushing defeat.

Since the fall of Lordaeron, the kingdom of Stormwind has become the strongest bastion of humanity and the most powerful force in the now multiracial Alliance. Led by King Anduin Wrynn, the people of Stormwind hold fast to the principles of honor and justice as they defend their settlements and their families.

Though humans are among the younger races on Azeroth, they have faced many challenges with fortitude and resilience. Their continued ability to adapt and rebuild has made them a vital force in an ever-changing world.[2]


Humans are among the oldest races on Azeroth, their valour, optimism and versatility have led them to build some of the world's greatest kingdoms, dominating the continents of Lordaeron and Azeroth. With life spans generally shorter than the other races, humans strive all the harder to achieve great heights in empire building, exploration, and magical study. Their aggressive and inquisitive nature lead the human nations to become active and influential in the world. Such was the case prior to the orcs' original invasion through the Dark Portal. Human kingdoms suffered greatly in the three wars against forces of the demonic Burning Legion's creating, The Horde in the first two, and The Scourge in the third.

Many humans fell in the Third War, leaving behind battered yet unbowed survivors of the Human Expedition under the command of the sorceress Jaina Proudmoore. This group settled on the wild continent of Kalimdor.

Lordaeron, a former human city, is decimated - a battlefield for forest trolls, the Scourge, Forsaken, ogres, and other creatures. The few humans who remain in Lordaeron struggle to keep their small settlements free of the villainy that boils around them. Stormwind, the first to feel the orcs' rage, fares better and is the most powerful human nation remaining. Still, Stormwind is far from safe, and enemies persistently attack it.

Humans value virtue, honor, and courage, though like all races, they also pursue power and wealth. Humans have spent generations battling dark forces and have lost some of their greatest kingdoms to them. This loss embitters humans, and they have a view of diplomacy that does not favor negotiations. Aided by belief in the Holy Light, humans have fought hard and endured much during the wars against the Horde, the Scourge and the Burning Legion. Despite all their tragedies, humans show hardiness and bravery and are thoroughly committed to building strong societies, reinforcing their kingdoms, and reclaiming their nations. Years of war have tempered human resolve, tempering them and giving them a determined nature.[3]


The vrykul, ancestors of mankind.

At the dawn

The humans are descendants of the vrykul,[4] a seed race who worshiped their creators, the Titans, as gods. Around 15,000 years ago, the vrykul of the Dragonflayer clan believed that their gods had "abandoned" them, and a certain time after that, some of their children were born "weak and ugly."[5] King Ymiron ordered all such children to be killed: the punishment for not doing so was that the child's parents would be executed alongside them. Despite the risks however, not all parents obeyed this order and instead hid their children to grow up far away from Northrend.[6] Legends say it was Tyr, one of the Keepers, who brought the humans to their new home,[7] though the vrykul actually sent their offspring there because it was the location of Tyr's tomb.[8] Regardless, his legend and symbol would haunt and inspire the humans forever after.

Long ago, on the continent that would eventually become known as the Eastern Kingdoms, the young race of humans struggled to survive using the limited supplies provided to them by their vrykul parents, who had abandoned them. They occasionally took to gathering around a fire whilst trying to read from scrolls telling of ancient heroes and leaders – tales from the civilization that had cast these creatures out. One of these scrolls spoke of a great leader, a paragon of order and justice, who sacrificed his right hand in a fight against an unfathomable evil. Although it was within this hero's power to fix his hand after the fighting had ended, the hero instead chose to replace it with a closed fist made of the purest silver. In this way, the hero impressed upon those who followed him that true order and justice can only be accomplished through personal sacrifice. This hero, who slipped into memory long ago, went by the name of Tyr.[9]

Taran Zhu theorized that humans and possibly even some Zandalari may have sided with the Pandaren in the pandaren rebellion 12,000 years ago.[10]

The rise and fall of the Arathor Empire

Human magi unleash their powers upon the trolls.

Humans joined the forefront of Azerothian history during the Troll Wars 2,800 years ago. Concerned that the forest trolls were becoming too great a threat, the Arathi tribe of humans embarked on a campaign to conquer its rivals through combat and politics. By offering equality and peace to the people they conquered, the Arathi were able to form a powerful nation, Arathor. The capital of Strom was built, and the humans in the area that would later become Lordaeron, traveled to its protection.

The high elves of Quel'Thalas, meanwhile, were in open war with the trolls. On the verge of defeat, they sent ambassadors to Strom to plead for assistance from the human king, Thoradin. In exchange for support, the elves agreed to instruct one hundred humans in the use of magic. With the help of the high elves, humans learned magic and waged a bitter war against the trolls that once spanned the entire length of the Eastern Kingdoms. Eventually, humanity won against the trolls and they lived in peace for several centuries. However, the increasingly prosperous and independent city-states of Arathor later declared their independence; splitting into separate kingdoms: Gilneas to the west, Alterac, Dalaran, and Lordaeron to the northwest, Kul Tiras to the southwest, and Stormwind to the far south. Strom itself was renamed Stromgarde and remained a significantly powerful kingdom.

The Alliance

Leaders of the seven human kingdoms and representatives from Khaz Modan and Quel'Thalas meet to form the Alliance of Lordaeron.

Millennium later, disaster struck when the orcish Horde appeared on Azeroth, reducing Stormwind to ruins during the First War between orcs and humans. The city’s survivors, including the young prince, Varian Wrynn, fled to Lordaeron, where the leaders of the seven kingdoms resolved to unify once again in the Alliance of Lordaeron. Joined together, they succeeded in defeating the Horde during the Second War.

Tensions grew among the kingdoms, however, as the costs for maintaining the Alliance rose much higher than originally anticipated. Unwilling to pay the taxes, the leaders of Gilneas and Stromgarde chose to withdraw their kingdoms from the Alliance. Further disaster came when the kingdom of Lordaeron was decimated by a mysterious plague that killed thousands of humans and converted them into undead servants of the Lich King. Even Lordaeron’s prince, Arthas Menethil, was manipulated by the Lich King, leading Arthas to kill his own father and journey to Northrend, where he merged with his master. For the next five years, the Lich King remained in Northrend, plotting and building up his armies.

Post Third War

Stormwind City rebuilt, became one of the last bastions of human civilization.

With the recent invasion of the Burning Legion, which left the northern Kingdom of Lordaeron in ruins, Stormwind now stands as the strongest bastion of human civilization. The Alliance since then has been reorganized and gained new allies in the following years, with the humans of Stormwind standing resolute in their charge to maintain the honor and might of humanity. Following the heroic examples of the legendary Sir Lothar and King Llane, the knights and warriors of Stormwind are considered to be among the fiercest and most courageous warriors in the land.

Immediately after the events of the Third War, Azerothian humanity was on the ropes, and the race's future was somewhat in question. Historians argue that humans have perhaps suffered the most out of all the races of Azeroth, having endured a bloody, genocidal invasion by the demon-corrupted orcs and losing almost all their Northern population to the Plague. Out of the millions that once populated the Eastern Kingdoms in sprawling, sturdy cities, only hundreds of thousands still live. Despite this, in recent years the humans have devoted themselves to struggling back from the brink of racial extinction. Human lands are gradually being repopulated, and the humans have been able to consistently maintain strong garrisons for their cities as well.

The humans' primary threat now other than the Scourge is the Forsaken, who are continuing their attempts to expand South from Tirisfal Glades into Arathi. However, the human presence in the region remained strong with the remnants of Lordaeron and Stromgarde, causing the Hillsbrad area to be one of Azeroth's major battlefields. Despite all of this, humans continue to be vigilant, and have banded closer together and with the Alliance as a whole.

One day, King Varian Wrynn went missing while on route to a secret diplomatic meeting. During the absence of King Varian Wrynn, Anduin Wrynn was crowned king, though the actual power remained in Regent Lord Bolvar Fordragon's hands until either Varian was returned or Anduin reached the age of ascension. The Kingdom of Stormwind was kept in a state of chaos and political unrest due to corruption created by Lady Katrana Prestor and the House of Nobles. The towns of Darkshire, Lakeshire, Goldshire, Southshore, and (to a lesser extent) Menethil Harbor- who all fall under the protection and leadership of Stormwind- had to rely more heavily on their own local militia to fend off local threats while Stormwind's leadership was in disarray.

Theramore Isle is an independent state that keeps close ties with Stormwind and is under the watchful leadership of the young mage Jaina Proudmoore, formerly of Kul Tiras. The merchant nation of Kul Tiras hasn't been involved in Alliance affairs lately but is still known to trade with Alliance member states. The city-state of Dalaran, with its powerful mages, retained some control over Hillsbrad and Silverpine Forest but eventually moved its capital and the bulk of its forces above Crystalsong Forest in Northrend to battle the threats arising there. In addition, there is an independent human enclave in the Arathi Highlands, the remnants of the Kingdom of Stromgarde. It is rumored the once-allied empire of Gilneas is still flourishing and populated with humans, but no word has been heard of them for years.

The Burning Crusade

Honor Hold, the base of operations for the Sons of Lothar.
The Burning Crusade This section concerns content exclusive to The Burning Crusade.

Human forces from Stormwind and the rest of the Alliance worked to repel a surprise invasion from the recently re-opened Dark Portal alongside the forces of the Horde and the Argent Dawn. After the combined forces of Azeroth pressed on through the Dark Portal and into the shattered world of Outland, Alliance forces were surprised to find the tattered remnants of the Alliance Expedition, still standing vigil years after the portal closed and their presumed deaths. Based in their decades old fortress of Honor Hold, and calling themselves the Sons of Lothar, these survivors were joined by the armies of Stormwind and Ironforge. Among these remnants was the heroic human, Danath Trollbane, who grieved heavily when he heard of the fate of Lordaeron, and swore to someday return to restore his native Stromgarde to its former glory.

Wrath of the Lich King

Call of the Crusade.
Wrath of the Lich King This section concerns content exclusive to Wrath of the Lich King.

With the freeing of the Kingdom of Stormwind from the grasp of Onyxia by the heroic efforts of many Alliance heroes, King Varian Wrynn was returned to his rightful throne and restored order to his lands. Today, King Wrynn oversees Stormwind with support from the House of Nobles. The newly found peace humanity had found would not last long. Shortly after the demonic Burning Crusade was halted at the Sunwell, an old and familiar human threat emerged. Spreading its horrific plague once again through contaminated grain, the undead Scourge, led by the tyrant Lich King, returned its sights to humanity, planting infected crates in Booty Bay and letting it be shipped throughout Azeroth. This renewed invasion culminated in attacks on the human villages of Southshore and Goldshire, and eventually, in a daring attack on Stormwind itself. The time to avenge the fallen human kingdom of Lordaeron had arrived.

Knowing that the threat of the Scourge was as real as it was in the Third War, the human leaders Varian Wrynn, Jaina Proudmoore, Tirion Fordring, and Rhonin led an assault against the frozen homeland of the Scourge. Alliance forces attacked the forces of the Lich King from Borean Tundra and Howling Fjord, eventually carving a path to Angrathar the Wrath Gate and crippling the Scourge necropolis of Naxxramas. Tragedy struck in the Battle of Angrathar the Wrathgate however. As the Alliance commander, Bolvar Fordragon, taunted the traitor Arthas Menethil, a group of militant Forsaken appeared overhead, led by Grand Apothecary Putress, and launched barrels of Forsaken blight on the assembled Alliance and Horde armies, resulting in the apparent death of Bolvar Fordragon and the painful deaths of hundreds of humans.

The new Lich King.

Enraged over this apparent betrayal, Varian Wrynn sent Jaina Proudmoore to illicit an explanation from the Horde. In a meeting in Orgrimmar, Jaina learned of an uprising in the Undercity, in which the Horde presence had been expelled by a group of rogue Forsaken led by the dreadlord Varimathras and the rogue Grand Apothecary Putress. Seeing an opportunity to reclaim Capital City for the Alliance and to bring Putress to justice, Varian Wrynn launched a full assault on the Undercity. Alliance forces battled to the Apothecarium and beheaded Putress. However, at the same time, Varian Wrynn, in grief over the loss of Bolvar Fordragon, enraged by proof of the Forsaken's sinister schemes, and the status of the once glorious capital of Lordaeron, lashed out at Thrall and exchanged blows with him before being teleported back to Stormwind by Jaina Proudmoore.

Meanwhile, Tirion Fordring and Rhonin established their own presences in Northrend, with the newly formed Argent Crusade fighting the Scourge in Icecrown and Zul'Drak. Rhonin and the Kirin Tor established a presence in Crystalsong Forest, levitating the entire city of Dalaran to fight in the Nexus War. Jaina Proudmoore, seeking to confront her former lover Arthas, led her own assault on Icecrown Citadel through the Frozen Halls.

Eventually, the Argent Crusade breached Icecrown Citadel and, along with its champions, took the fight to the Lich King at the Frozen Throne itself, and after a long battle, managed to shatter Frostmourne and kill Arthas. Humans, after losing so much to the Scourge, stood triumphant against the Lich King.

However, as Arthas died, the ghost of Terenas Menethil appeared, and warned Tirion that although Arthas is dead, someone must take on the role of Lich King, to keep the undead throngs left behind in check. As Tirion contemplated taking the role on himself, he was interrupted by the heavily deformed and thought dead Bolvar Fordragon, who had in fact been taken prisoner by the Lich King after the Battle of Angrathar. At Bolvar's insistence, Tirion Fordring crowned Bolvar Fordragon the new Lich King. As Bolvar's voice changed into that of the Lich King, he warned Tirion and his allies to leave, and to never return.


Deathwing terrorizing Stormwind City.
Cataclysm This section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.

Although the proud humans of Stormwind led the Alliance to victory over the dreaded Lich King, the immense cost of the Northrend campaign proved to be unexpected. Some humans in Stormwind have been taxed to the point of bankruptcy. Many found themselves out of work and without homes, particularly after the bold attack on Stormwind City by the corrupted Dragon Aspect, Deathwing. These throngs of homeless congregated to Westfall, where they would contribute to the resurgence of a new Defias Brotherhood.

Meanwhile, the human kingdom of Gilneas, isolated since the Third War by the Greymane Wall, was suddenly thrust into the wider world of Azeroth when the terrible cataclysm that sundered the world shattered their thought to be impenetrable wall. To add to this grief, the kingdom suffered from a mysterious curse shortly after sealing themselves off, that turned normal humans into ferocious and feral Worgen. This, combined with an unexpected invasion by the Forsaken, forced the humans of Gilneas back into the Alliance.

The Argent Crusade has resumed its work in eradicating the now weakened Scourge presence in Lordaeron, taking control of most of the Plaguelands and working alongside their Cenarion Circle allies to retake the land from the undead. The humans of the Alliance, thanks to manipulations from the Twilight's Hammer and the ambitions of the new Horde warchief, Garrosh Hellscream, are now involved in a renewed conflict with their perennial enemy, the Horde. Humans are currently stationed most prominently in the Southern Barrens, striking at the heartland of the Horde, and in Gilneas, where the 7th Legion fights to retake Lordaeron from the Forsaken.

Mists of Pandaria

Mists of Pandaria This section concerns content exclusive to Mists of Pandaria.

In the Theramore's Fall scenario, which leads the game into Mists of Pandaria, Theramore Isle is destroyed by the Horde, and the leaders of the Alliance, outraged at this matter, completely devote themselves into the war. A war that will eventually spill over to the long forgotten lands of Pandaria.

Notable humans

Name Role Affiliation Status Location
Neutral  Thoradin Founder and king of the Arathorian Empire Arathor Deceased Unknown
Neutral  Llane Wrynn I Former king of Stormwind Kingdom of Stormwind Deceased Various Locations
Alliance  Varian Wrynn Former King of Stormwind, High King of the Alliance Alliance, Kingdom of Stormwind Deceased Various Locations
Alliance  Anduin Wrynn King of Stormwind High King of the Alliance Alliance, Kingdom of Stormwind Alive Various Locations
Alliance  Anduin Lothar Knight Champion of Stormwind, Supreme Commander of the armies of the Alliance of Lordaeron Kingdom of Azeroth, Alliance of Lordaeron Deceased Unknown
Alliance  Turalyon High General of the Alliance Expedition Alliance of Lordaeron, Alliance Expedition, Knights of the Silver Hand Alive Argus
Alliance  Terenas Menethil II Last true King of Lordaeron Alliance of Lordaeron, Kingdom of Lordaeron Deceased Unknown
Neutral   Arthas Menethil Former Lich King, originally Crown Prince of Lordaeron Scourge Deceased-Killable Various Locations
Neutral  Calia Menethil Former Princess of Lordaeron Independent, formerly Kingdom of Lordaeron Alive Netherlight Temple
Alliance  Uther the Lightbringer The first paladin, mentor of Arthas, former leader of the Knights of the Silver Hand Alliance of Lordaeron, Kingdom of Lordaeron, Knights of the Silver Hand Deceased Various Locations
Alliance   Genn Greymane King of Gilneas Alliance, Kingdom of Gilneas Alive Various Locations
Alliance   Darius Crowley Leader of Gilneas Liberation Front Alliance, Kingdom of Gilneas, Gilneas Liberation Front Alive Various Locations
Alliance  Daelin Proudmoore Lord Admiral of Kul Tiras Alliance of Lordaeron, Kul Tiras Deceased Unknown
Alliance   Jaina Proudmoore Former ruler of Theramore, former leader of the Council of Six and the Kirin Tor Alliance, New Council of Tirisfal Alive Various Locations
Neutral   Bolvar Fordragon Lich King of the Scourge, former regent of Stormwind Scourge Dormant Icecrown Citadel
Neutral  Alexandros Mograine First wielder of the Ashbringer, former Knight of the Silver Hand Scourge Deceased Various Locations
Neutral  Darion Mograine Highlord of the Knights of the Ebon Blade, former wielder of  [Corrupted Ashbringer] Knights of the Ebon Blade, Ashen Verdict Active Various Locations
Neutral  Tirion Fordring Highlord of the Argent Crusade, wielder of the Ashbringer Knights of the Ebon Blade, Argent Crusade, Ashen Verdict Deceased Various Locations
Neutral  Aegwynn Former Guardian of Tirisfal, mother of Medivh Theramore, New Council of Tirisfal Deceased Buried at Morgan's Plot, Deadwind Pass
Neutral  Nielas Aran Court conjurer of Stormwind, lover of Aegwynn Stormwind, Council of Tirisfal Deceased-Killable Shade in Guardian's Library, Karazhan
Neutral  Medivh Guardian of Tirisfal Council of Tirisfal Alive Various Locations
Alliance  Khadgar Member of the Council of Six, former apprentice of Medivh Kirin Tor, Sons of Lothar Alive Various Locations
Alliance  Antonidas Former leader of the Kirin Tor Kirin Tor, Alliance of Lordaeron Deceased Unknown
Neutral  Rhonin Former leader of the Kirin Tor Kirin Tor Deceased Various Locations
Neutral   Thoras Trollbane One of the Four Horsemen of the Ebon Blade, former king of Stromgarde Knights of the Ebon Blade, Stromgarde Undead Various Locations
Alliance  Danath Trollbane Force Commander of the Sons of Lothar Alliance, Sons of Lothar, Stromgarde Alive Honor Hold, Hellfire Peninsula
Neutral   Galen Trollbane Fallen prince of Stromgarde Stromgarde, formerly Undercity and Horde Deceased-Killable Galen's Fall, Arathi Highlands
Alliance  Marshal Reginald Windsor Marshal of Stormwind, revealed the true identity of Katrana Prestor Alliance, Kingdom of Stormwind Deceased Detention Block, Blackrock Depths
Alliance  Marcus Jonathan General of Stormwind Stormwind, Alliance Deceased Formerly Valley of Heroes, Stormwind City
Alliance  Taylor Captain, commander and admiral of the Alliance Stormwind, Alliance, Operation: Shieldwall Active Various Locations
Alliance  Master Mathias Shaw Leader of the SI:7 Stormwind, SI:7, Stormwind Assassin's Guild Alive Various Locations
Neutral  Aiden Perenolde Former king of Alterac Alterac Deceased Unknown
Neutral  Edwin VanCleef Kingpin of the Defias Brotherhood Defias Brotherhood Deceased Formerly Ironclad Cove, Deadmines
Neutral  Alonsus Faol Leader of the Brotherhood of Northshire, former leader of the Church of the Holy Light Formerly Brotherhood of Northshire and Church of the Holy Light Active Netherlight Temple
Neutral  Archbishop Benedictus Twilight Prophet, former leader of the Church of the Holy Light Twilight's Hammer, Old Gods' forces Deceased-Killable Various Locations
Neutral  Archmage Arugal Leader of the Wolfcult, former master of Shadowfang Keep, unleashed the worgen unto Azeroth Wolfcult, Scourge Deceased-Killable Various Locations
Alliance  Natalie Seline Priestess whose teachings became the foundation for the Cult of Forgotten Shadow Alliance Alive Various Locations
Alliance  Othmar Garithos Xenophobic commander of the Alliance Remnants in Lordaeron Alliance Remnants Deceased Unknown
Neutral   Kel'Thuzad Master of Naxxramas, former leader of the Cult of the Damned Scourge, Cult of the Damned Undead Various Locations
Combat  Saidan Dathrohan Grand Crusader of the Scarlet Crusade Scarlet Crusade Deceased Formerly Scarlet Bastion, Stratholme
Alliance  Thassarian First death knight to re-join the Alliance Knights of the Ebon Blade, Alliance, Valiance Expedition Active Various Locations
Neutral  Baron Rivendare Leader of the Four Horsemen, former leader of the Scourge forces in Stratholme Scourge, formerly Kingdom of Lordaeron Unknown Various Locations
Neutral  Falric Right hand of Arthas Menethil, raised as a death knight by his master Scourge, formerly Kingdom of Lordaeron Deceased-Killable Halls of Reflection
Neutral  Marwyn Captain of Arthas Menethil, raised as a death knight by his master Scourge, formerly Kingdom of Lordaeron Deceased-Killable Halls of Reflection
Alliance  Captain Luc Valonforth Captain who accompanied Prince Arthas Menethil to Northrend Kingdom of Lordaeron Unknown Unknown
Neutral   Vincent Godfrey Former Gilnean nobleman Himself Deceased-Killable Various Locations
Neutral  Aedelas Blackmoore Former ruler of Durnholde Keep Himself (privately), Kingdom of Lordaeron, Alliance of Lordaeron Deceased Unknown
Neutral  Maxwell Tyrosus Leader of the Argent Dawn Argent Dawn Alive Light's Hope Chapel, Eastern Plaguelands
Alliance  Tyrathan Khort Hunter in the Alliance army and close friend of Vol'jin Kingdom of Stormwind, Unseen Path Alive Trueshot Lodge, Highmountain
Alliance  Lady Mara Fordragon High Clerist of Stormwind and patron of the post-First War Stormwindian refugees Kingdom of Stormwind Deceased Unknown
Alliance  Jorad Mace Knight of the Silver Hand Alliance, Knights of the Silver Hand Alive Light's Hope Chapel, Eastern Plaguelands

Human nations

Humanity has generally been controlled by seven powerful kingdoms, each with their own sphere of influence. All seven city-states were descended from the ancient nation of Arathor. Recently, however, a series of devastating wars have plagued humanity, resulting in the end of several kingdoms and the creation of a new one, Theramore, the only human state in Kalimdor.

After the end of the Third War, Alliance forces under Jaina Proudmoore sailed to Southeastern Kalimdor. They founded a stronghold called Theramore, a small, walled city on a rocky isle east of Dustwallow Marsh. Theramore Isle and the nearby mainland fall under human control and border Durotar, the orcs' new homeland, to the North. Humans and orcs maintain a tentative peace along their borders, but clashes are common. Since most of the human warriors and mages lost their lives during the war against the Burning Legion, only a handful of veteran mages and paladins remain in Theramore. While Ironforge dwarves and the high elves also occupy the small island city, humans hold the seats of greatest power. Goblin vendors and traders are a common sight in and around the rocky isle.

Lordaeron still boasted several human settlements even after the Third War, but it has diminished to a fraction of the size and power that it once was. Hillsbrad and a few settlements in Silverpine Forest once held out, as did a sizeable Scarlet Crusade presence. In Cataclysm however, the Forsaken has conquered most of these remaining settlements, and the Scarlets have fallen into decline. The humans in the neutral Argent Crusade - many of whom originated from the former Lordaeron nation - have solidified their presence in the recovering Plaguelands. The Kingdoms of Alterac and Stromgarde are still in ruins, but both have different factions of humans trying to reclaim their respective kingdoms. Meanwhile, only a fraction of the Gilnean population are considered humans as most others are afflicted with the Worgen Curse, or otherwise permanently killed or raised as Forsaken. The status of humans in Kul Tiras is yet to be seen.

Stormwind, in the Southern continent of Azeroth, suffered in the First and Second Wars but remained relatively untouched in the Third. Stormwind has been rebuilt and stands larger and better defended than before. Though the Scourge did not make itself felt in Stormwind, the kingdom faces its own enemies, both from without and within. Nevertheless, currently Stormwind is humanity's strongest nation and a symbol of reclamation and renewal.[3][11]

Human Nations First War Second War Interim Third War Interlude Alliance-Horde War Third Burning Legion Invasion Battle for Azeroth Current Status Population (city proper)
Lordaeron - Damaged[12][13] Rebuilt Destroyed[14] See the Scourge - - Destroyed In ruins None
Azeroth/Stormwind Damaged - Rebuilt - - Damaged Rebuilt - Healthy 200,000[15][16]
Dalaran - Damaged[17] Rebuilt Damaged Rebuilt - Damaged - Healthy 3,000[18]
Kul Tiras - Damaged[19] Rebuilt - Damaged[20] - - Damaged Active 10,000[21]
Stromgarde - Damaged[22] Rebuilt - Damaged[23] Damaged See Stromgarde Rebuilt Active 1,200[24][25]
Gilneas - - - - See Worgen Damaged - - See Worgen Unknown
Alterac - Damaged[26] Rebuilt[27] - See The Syndicate Damaged - - In ruins None[28]
Tol Barad - Damaged Rebuilt - - Damaged - - Crippled Unknown
Theramore - - - - Founded Destroyed - - In ruins Unknown

About human populations living outside of the Seven Kingdoms:

Human rogue.


Humans come from many backgrounds and show great physical variety among all the races. Humans' skin ranges from dark to light and may have tones of other colors. Their eyes are blue, brown, green, gray, or hazel. Human hair is brown, black, blond, or red. Men often grow short beards and women commonly wear their hair long. Human height averages between 5'-6'.[30][31]
While rare, some humans can reach heights of 6'6".[32]

The physique of humans is more muscular and sturdy than of elves, but much more slender than that of dwarves. The color and hue of human skin is varied, ranging from a fair pink, to tanned, to a very dark brown. Hair becomes gray or white with sickness or age. Human eyes have been known to glow like those of the naturally magical elves if he or she is wielding powerful magic.


Goldshire TCG art.

Humans seem to be a naturally proud and ambitious race. The humans of Azeroth have a very strong sense of triumphalism and have been known to be arrogant, overzealous, or vainglorious. Humans have also regularly displayed noble and altruistic attitudes and actions. These qualities have led to human society producing notable heroic and villainous figures in recent history.

Most humans take comfort in having an orderly and just society. This is derived from their tales of a great leader named Tyr. The story of Tyr slipped into memory long ago, when the young race of humans struggled to survive using the limited supplies provided to them by the parents who had abandoned them. They occasionally took to gathering around a fire whilst trying to read from scrolls telling of ancient heroes and leaders – tales from the civilization that had cast these creatures out. One of these scrolls spoke of a great leader, a paragon of order and justice, who sacrificed his right hand in a fight against an unfathomable evil. Although it was within this hero's power to fix his hand after the fighting had ended, the hero instead chose to replace it with a closed fist made of the purest silver. In this way, the hero impressed upon those who followed him that true order and justice can only be accomplished through personal sacrifice.[9]

Humans have two wise sayings:[33]

  • "Those who do not learn from history are condemned to repeat it."
  • "Know your enemy."

They also have the following nursery rhymes:

  • "Be wary, child, of Plaguelands plain... / Be mindful, child, of the infected grain... / For if throat is parched and of infected water sip... / Forever your soul will be in cursed Scourge grip. / So heed this warning, child, and if far from mother stray... / Let light from home's hearth guide you back your way."[34]
  • "Should you spy a mossy log / afloat in swamp, morass, or bog / toss a stone or take the risk / for it may be a crocolisk."[35]

Humans prefer to live in villages, towns, and cities. Few humans understand the reverence of nature the night elves and tauren possess, and the most rural or rugged lifestyle a human has shown to possess is that of a farmer, bandit, or soldier. Human cities are extremely large, bustling, and lively. Outside city walls, in the countryside, the human peasantry provides basic resources to the rest of the kingdom; the peasant farms, mines, and chops wood. In the city, merchants trade goods while craftsmen practice and perform their trades and businessmen provide services. At the top of the social hierarchy are the nobility, who sit within their castles, making important political decisions on the running of the kingdom.

Despite the desire for order that generally exists among humans, some groups do deviate from this cultural trait and possess no loyalties toward their established political leaders. This is especially true in times of uncertainty for humans. Before the Third War there were humans in the Northern lands of Lordaeron that were swayed into joining the Cult of the Damned. Banditry, sea piracy, and fanaticism amongst humans has been on the rise recently.

Royal Guardian Jameson, a human paladin.

Humans have a relatively short lifespan, less than the majority of the other races on Azeroth. Around the age 12, they reach the Age of Ascension,[36] often accompanied with a celebration.

They are old at about 55 years of age, and at 70 years they are venerable, with a maximum age between 72–110 years.[37] Because of this, humanity strives to make the most out of what it has and to build legacies. This has led to the formation of different nations and orders across many lands and to the forging of alliances not only between each other, but with other races, and seeking to do whatever is necessary to protect and secure their nations so future generations can live peacefully and safely. The human state of Stormwind is the leader of the Alliance. Formerly it was the kingdom of Lordaeron, until its destruction at the hands of the Undead Scourge. Stormwind is the largest remaining bastion of human population and strength in Azeroth.

Humans are seen to be filled with unchecked passion and ambition. Their desire for power and knowledge has allowed for some of the greatest mages to be human. The deep inner fire and emotions that brew within them have allowed many humans to master The Holy Light in ways unimaginable, leading the humans to establish the Knights of the Silver Hand as well as what are regarded as the most pious orders ever seen on Azeroth. The loyalty humans possess are capable of producing well-trained soldiers and mercenaries that will easily stay and fight for their kingdoms and their leaders' causes, no matter how dire the situation may be.


[Diplomacy] TCG art.
A squire of the Argent Crusade.

Humans and the Alliance

Humans began the Alliance, and it could not exist without them. Humans and dwarves have long enjoyed a good relationship, a bond only strengthened since the dwarves' latest discoveries have energized their archaeological efforts. Ever since the days of the Arathor Empire, the humans and dwarves have been natural allies. Both have long shared many secrets of metal-smithing and engineering and discovered a common love for battle and storytelling.[38] They also greatly respect gnomish technological prowess as well as the gnomes' steadfast loyalty to the Alliance. Many humans have even come to lend their aid to the gnomes in their continuing fight for Gnomeregan.[39] Elves are a source of mystery and frustration - especially the exotic night elves, with whom they are allied. Despite this, humans respect the night elves' endeavors to restore and preserve the natural beauty of Azeroth; especially the Cenarion Circle's efforts to restore the Western Plaguelands and the Eastern Plaguelands to their original states. Humans respect the draenei's mastery and reverence of the Light. As with the night elves, humans also respect their continuing defiance of their common enemy, the Burning Legion. Humans are still wary of Worgen because of their savage and brutal reputation but recognizes them as allies and will treat them with the same respect as any other ally.

Humans and the Horde

Humans and orcs joined forces to face the Burning Legion several years ago, but friction again returned once they dispatched the demonic threat. Although the Alliance and Horde leaders bear a healthy respect for each another, old racial hatreds are commonplace. Humans also look upon tauren with suspicion, due to the ties tauren have established with orcs. Humans dislike and distrust jungle trolls and, to an even greater extent, Forsaken.[11]

Interacial Relationships

Humans have been known to rarely intermarry with other races. The human paladin Turalyon married the elven ranger Alleria Windrunner, producing one son, Arator. Rhonin, the leader of the Kirin Tor, is married to Alleria's sister Vereesa. Less famously, a human woman now named Tamara Wobblesprocket married a gnome.


Main article: Church of Light
Wrath of Turalyon TCG art.

Humans follow the Holy Light. Cathedrals and churches stand in their cities, and their priests preside over followers, heal the wounded, soothe the weary, and crusade against what they consider evil. Humans have an order of holy warriors, paladins, who follow the Holy Light and crush evil and chaotic beings in its name. Paladins are wholly committed to defending the human nations.[11]

Before Arathor and the rise of the Holy Light, the ancient human tribes had primitive nature-based religions with some common ties to druids, though they were not druids themselves. Today, only the harvest-witches of Gilneas remain of this old religion, as Gilneas's relative isolation from the other kingdoms has kept it going.[40] The powerful and unyielding white stallion features heavily in the myths of ancient human tribes.[41]


Humans speak Common.

The RPG Icon 16x36.png This section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.

They may know many other languages, however, as they deal with many different creatures.[11]


The RPG Icon 16x36.png This section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.

Human parents grant a child its given name at birth, while its family name has a long history and usually speaks something of its bearer’s ancestry. Some humans change their family names to emphasize their own accomplishments.

  • Male Names: Merander, Gyram, Darrick, Hebry.
  • Female Names: Lilla, Merian, Richelle, Ammi.
  • Family Names: Renn, Townguard, Silversmith, Runetouch.[11]

Magic and technology

A human mage in art.
Main articles: Azeroth magic#Humans, Alliance technology#Humans The RPG Icon 16x36.png

Humans can practice arcane magic and divine magic. Their mastery of these arts are rivaled on Azeroth perhaps only by the high elves, blood elves, and the draenei. These magics are used to heal and create in times of peace, and to harm and destroy in times of war.

Humans have a relatively good understanding of science and technology. However, this understanding does not come close to that of their dwarven and gnomish allies. The efforts of human engineers are laughable when compared to those of the dwarves' and gnomes'. These races have provided their advanced artillery, metalworking, and engineering skills to the Alliance during times of war. These are considerable benefits, including the creation and operation of powered siege engines and flying machines. The Deeprun Tram is a gnome-built mechanical wonder that serves as a speedy underground transportation device between Ironforge and Stormwind.

Humans have a great deal of respect for both the dwarves and gnomes for these accomplishments, and are eternally grateful for their contributions to the Alliance. Humans, for the most part, do not seem to be particularly aware of nor concerned about the harms the advancement of civilization and technology (as well as the use of arcane magic) may bring upon nature and the world. However, humans respect the night elves and their desire to preserve their sacred forests and lands in Kalimdor.

Human architecture is less pleasing to the eye than elven architecture, utilizing straight angles and simple materials such as wood, stone and mortar. However, human structures are much more resistant to damage than elven or Horde structures. Human structures are not nearly as strong as dwarven structures[citation needed] or as advanced as gnomish architecture, but they are much easier to build, and human forts and towns can be built relatively quickly.


Guard Duty TCG art.

The armies of the human kingdoms are a force to be reckoned with. Well-trained footmen march to battle in plate armor with kite shields and broadswords, while courageous knights covered in heavy plate mail ride headlong into battle atop of their powerful equine steeds, wielding mighty lances and swords. Behind the humans come their allies; cunning elven archers and dwarven riflemen provide ranged support, human and gnomish (and in the past, though there are still some left, high elven) mages blast their enemies with magic and priests use their divine magic to heal and aid wounded allies. Perhaps the most fearsome foe to evil and the enemies of humankind on the battlefield are the mighty paladins, considered by many to be the champions of the human Alliance. These fearsome knights bring justice to their enemies and aid to their allies with a combination of healing and aura magics and mastery with giant warhammers and massive runeblades.

Human bases are very difficult to penetrate. The walls of their strongholds are tall and tough, and from their watchtowers they can see enemies approach from far away, attacking them with siege weapons and archers while they advance. Behind the walls, an enemy would expect to meet ranks of dismounted knights and footmen. During the Second War, the Horde lost many of its warriors laying siege to Capital City, many of them killed by the city's ballistae and archers.

In the RPG

The RPG Icon 16x36.png This section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.


Between the finding of magic from the Well of Eternity and the Sundering (approximately 14,000-10,000 years ago[42]),[43] humans that were called humans (and not Azotha or vrykul) appeared.[44] They were nearly as savage as their foes among the trolls, and both groups wandered the land battling each other while trying to plant the seeds of their cultures.[42] The trolls actively hunted these humans.[45] These nascent humans saw the kaldorei as shadowy figures with god-like powers,[44] but were sometimes captured and used as slaves by them.[43] Centuries before the War of the Ancients, the bear Ancients Ursoc and Ursol, befriended many generations of humans and kaldorei and were beloved in return.[46]

When the night elves fought the demons during the War of the Ancients in their lands, the humans and trolls retreated deep into the wild.[42] Groups of endangered humans or night elves were guided away from the doomguard by Aviana disguised in mortal form.[47]

After the Sundering, the human tribes teetered for thousands of years on the brink of extinction as their numbers were winnowed by an increased struggle for resources. They persevered, exploring the continents in search of game, wood, and refuge.[45][48] These years were nearly the race's last, as it eked out sustenance from the ashes and the aftermath of the destruction until the Sun returned.[49] The surviving tribes of humans sent out intrepid bands to explore the reborn world and to find their long-lost brethren. Slowly, trade routes were established across the revitalized world.[48] These early humans may have had access to divine spells through worship of the Old Gods or early cults that would become the Church of the Holy Light.[49]


  • Although many generations of humans and kaldorei were befriended before the Great Sundering.[46]
  • Some modern human females have retained the ability to turn their flesh to stone or steel in a similar way as dwarves, due to the human's ancient connection with the titans. They believe that it was Khaz'Goroth who created them specifically.[50]
  • Humans weigh about 180 pounds, with men noticeably taller and heavier than women.[3]


Notes & trivia

  • Humans, like ogres and broken, have their own aggro sound: "Hah!"
  • When Rhonin traveled to the past, during the War of the Ancients, the night elves didn't know what race he was and their studies indicated that he was some variation of a dwarf who had simply grown much taller than the rest.[51]
  • Ogres prefer to cook humans with the blood still in the carcass, whereas trolls prefer their stringy meat to be stripped from bone and turned to jerky.[52]
  • Humans have also appeared in every Warcraft-based game. The humans in Stormwind fought against the orcs in Warcraft 1 & 2, the humans of Lordaeron also fought the orcs in Warcraft 2 and tried to halt the Plague in Warcraft 3, and they are a playable race in World of Warcraft.
  • The demonym corresponding to the Kingdom of Arathor is "Arathi". The seven kingdoms that split from Arathor use the demonyms "Stormwindian" (Stormwind), "Lordaeronian" (Lordaeron), "Dalaranian" (Dalaran), "Gilnean" (Gilneas), "Stromic" (Stromgarde), "Alteraci" (Alterac), and "Tirasian" (Kul Tiras).[53][54]
  • The RPG-only Sister of Steel class hinted two years before the actual release of Wrath of the Lich King that humans, dwarves and gnomes shared a common "metallic" ancestry.
  • Playable humans in World of Warcraft are always from the nation of Stormwind.[55]


  1. ^ Kurzen Witch Doctor
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 43.
  4. ^ WoWWotLK interview 2 (English). Jeffrey Kaplan and J. Allen Brack talk about Death Knights, Tuskar, and Arthas in this exclusive interview. Gamespot (2008-05-09). Retrieved on 2009-06-14. “...known as the vrykul, and what this guys were, are almost like the progenitors of the human race in warcraft lore...”
  5. ^ Anguish of Nifflevar
  6. ^ A [71] The Echo of Ymiron
  7. ^ Thoradin gossip text
  8. ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1, pg. 65-66
  9. ^ a b Ask CDev#Ask CDev Answers - Round 1
  10. ^ Shadows of the Horde, chapter 21
  11. ^ a b c d e World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 44.
  12. ^ "Quel'Thalas: The Razing of Tyr's Hand", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment.
  13. ^ "Quel'Thalas: The Destruction of Stratholme", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Lands of Conflict, 52
  16. ^ World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 13
  17. ^ "Tides of Darkness: The Siege of Dalaran", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment.
  18. ^ Lands of Conflict, 90
  19. ^ "The Great Sea: Assault on Kul Tiras", Warcraft II: Beyond the Dark Portal. Blizzard Entertainment.
  20. ^ Lands of Mystery, 179
  21. ^ Lands of Conflict, 101
  22. ^ Khaz Modan: The Fall of Stromgarde", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment.
  23. ^ Rejoined Alliance, See League of Arathor
  24. ^ Including Syndicate, Trolls and Ogres.
  25. ^ Lands of Conflict, 88
  26. ^ "The Northlands: Betrayal and the Destruction of Alterac", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment.
  27. ^ "Prelude to New Worlds: Alterac", Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness. Blizzard Entertainment. "Alterac Keep" is intact by the time of Ner'zhul's Horde invasion Lordaeron.
  28. ^ The Syndicate's last recorded membership
  29. ^ Ask CDev#Ask CDev Answers - Round 3
  30. ^ World of Warcraft: Official Beginner's Guide, 31
  31. ^ In-game model
  32. ^ World of Warcraft: Traveler, pg. 327
  33. ^ Rise of the Horde, chapter 9
  34. ^ Warcraft: Legends Volume 1, The Journey
  35. ^ TCG Betrayal of the Guardian, 133
  36. ^ Medivh born in year -44 / 559 and reached the AoA in year 571.
  37. ^ World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 174
  38. ^ The Seven Kingdoms
  39. ^ Cut Short
  40. ^ Ask CDev #3
  41. ^ Mount Journal entry for  [White Stallion Bridle]
  42. ^ a b c Lands of Conflict, 17.
  43. ^ a b The Last Guardian, 150.
  44. ^ a b Lands of Conflict, 17. "In the early histories of dwarves and humans, the kaldorei are shadowy figures of dark perfection wielding incredible god-like powers."
  45. ^ a b Lands of Conflict, 22.
  46. ^ a b Shadows & Light, 84-5.
  47. ^ Shadows & Light, 73.
  48. ^ a b Lands of Conflict, 18.
  49. ^ a b Lands of Conflict, 19.
  50. ^ Alliance Player's Guide, 63.
  51. ^ The Demon Soul, pg. 21
  52. ^ World of Warcraft: Traveler, pg. 247
  53. ^ Loreology on Twitter (dead link)
  54. ^ Loreology on Twitter (dead link)
  55. ^ Human and Blood Elf Shaman