Kul Tiras (kingdom)
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- This article is about the human kingdom. For the island itself, see Kul Tiras.
Kul Tiras (also spelled as Kul'Tiras, pronounced KOOL-teer-AHS) is a human kingdom built on an island called Kul Tiras as well, which was once located south-west of Lordaeron and west of Khaz Modan. During the Cataclysm, the island was shifted out to sea by shifting tectonic plates.
During the Second War, the maritime nation pledged its fleets to the Alliance of Lordaeron; Lord Admiral , ruler of Kul Tiras, became the famed Grand Admiral of the Alliance. The city-state fell silent with Daelin's death in a Horde assault on the city of Theramore shortly after the Third War. Its exact status remained a mystery until World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth.
- 1 History
- 2 Notable people from Kul Tiras
- 3 People and culture
- 4 Military
- 5 Sites and settlements
- 6 Presence in World of Warcraft
- 7 Notable leaders
- 8 In the RPG
- 9 Notes & trivia
- 10 Kul Tiras in Warcraft II
- 11 Speculation
- 12 Film universe
- 13 Gallery
- 14 References
2,700 years BDP, after the Troll Wars, the humans of Arathor traveled to various regions. Some human sailors left Gilneas and found the large island full of metal ores and other resources. The isle was located south of Gilneas, west of Khaz Modan and in between Stormwind and Lordaeron. Following their arrival in Kul Tiras, the human colonists attacked the native Drust, leading the large and hardy race who lived in Drustvar to extinction.
The sailors founded a mighty maritime outpost named Kul Tiras and in time it became a city-state that developed a thriving economy based on fishing and exports. Over the years mighty fleets of merchant vessels were built and they sailed throughout the seas in search of exotic goods to trade and sell.
Before the Second War and uniquely among the post-Arathorian states, Kul Tiras had not become a kingdom in the proper sense of the term (i.e. a state or country ruled by a king or queen). Instead, it remained a city-state, ruled by a Lord Admiral, who was a noble and not a member of royalty, like the Sunstrider dynasty and the House of Menethil.
The Second War
Kul Tiras was among the Council of Seven Nations and its leader Lord Admiral , who was a long-time friend of , believed that vengeance on behalf of a destroyed nation was the correct course of action and was in favor of joining into a Alliance of human nations, that would eradicate the threat of the Horde and reclaim Stormwind for it's survivors.
Under the control of the new Grand Admiral, the Alliance navy intercepted the Horde fleet near the island of Zul'Dare, before the Battle of Hillsbrad Foothills. Proudmoore's vessels finding the crude Horde ships was akin to a wolf crossing paths with an injured lamb. Proudmoore's seasoned maritime fleet was able to easily outmaneuver the less sea experienced orc navy sooner than he anticipated. Orcish ships were blown to pieces by Alliance cannon volley, and the crews of sunken transports were swallowed by the waves. Proudmoore soon realized that he could destroy the entire Horde army at sea and bring a quick end to the Second War.
However, the Horde fleet was not alone. Warchief Doomhammer, who had been wary of the humans' naval superiority, had ordered the Dragonmaw clan to supply the newly enslaved red dragonflight as support. Though reluctant to do so as battle mount training had not yet been completed, sent three red dragons to protect the Horde fleet as it crossed to Lordaeron. He threatened to torture their mother with the Demon Soul if they disobeyed.
Reluctantly following the orcs from behind, the enslaved red dragons appeared after Proudmoore's navy attacked and had bathed several of the Alliance vessels in fire. Though the dragons were few in number, Proudmoore had no means to combat them at the time and was forced to call a retreat. As the Alliance fleet scattered, the Horde ships continued their advance toward Lordaeron.
After the Horde was completely driven from Lordaeron and Khaz Modan was liberated, the Black Tooth Grin clan with the Horde fleet had been sailing towards the Horde-controlled Stormwind when they were attacked near the island of Crestfall by the Alliance navy under the command of Grand Admiral Proudmoore. The battle had begun similar to the one near Zul'Dare, Proudmoore outmaneuvered his foes and hammered them with cannon fire. And just as before, the Horde had dragons. The beasts swooped down from the skies and engulfed the Alliance ships in sheets of fire.
Admiral Proudmoore's ships were able to easily outflank the lumbering and crude orc vessels, wracking them with cannon fire and inflicting casualties. The Horde ships were guarded by red dragon riders, which dove from the sky and burned Alliance vessels. This time, however, the Alliance fleet was accompanied by Wildhammer dwarf gryphon riders led by . The gryphon riders had learned from their battles against the dragons across the high elven kingdom of Quel'Thalas to use their mobility against their larger adversaries. They attacked the dragons in a flurry of movement, drawing their attention away from the ships below. The lightening-infused stormhammers of gryphon riders were wielded with deadly efficiency against the formidable flames of their scaled enemies. Without the dragons, the Horde fleet stood little chance, and continued to suffer disastrous losses at the hands of the Alliance navy. The sea itself was painted red with the blood of the countless individuals drowning or being killed outright in the struggle.
Eventually, the majority of the Horde fleet was left in ruins by Proudmoore's superior forces. Only a handful of vessels escaped being sunk, including Dal'rend and Maim's ship. Above, the dwarves' fearless efforts were enough to ultimately drive the dragon riders to flight, and they subsequently scattered in all directions. Among the losses suffered by Proudmoore's navy was the loss of the Third Fleet to the dragon-riders of the Dragonmaw orcs, taking with it , eldest son of the Grand Admiral.
Beyond the Dark PortalThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft novels or short stories.
Following the splintering of the Alliance, Kul Tiras was one of the nations that remained an ally with King Terenas. Admiral Proudmoore, whose mighty fleets patrolled the trade lanes hunting pirates and marauders, maintained order on the high seas.
The Third War
A Kul Tiras Marine base on the islands held by the Darkspear tribe, and implied to be hostile to the trolls, was destroyed by Thrall's New Horde as it made its way across the Great Sea to Kalimdor, coinciding with an attack by the naga sea witch and her murloc minions.
, a powerful sorceress of Dalaran and the dear daughter of Grand Admiral Daelin Proudmoore, had been convinced by the mysterious Prophet that sailing west to Kalimdor with refugees from Lordaeron was the only course to save humanity. She commandeered the Kul Tiras fleet and took them immediately across the Great Sea, in her haste apparently leaving her father uninformed. This "Human Expedition" comprised members of most Alliance-aligned nations and races as well as many of Kul Tiras' finest soldiers.
Jaina's goal was to reach the Oracle at Stonetalon Peak, which and the Horde also sought. The two factions warred across the Stonetalon Mountains, until the two leaders simultaneously stumbled upon the Prophet who had sent them both to Kalimdor, imploring them to unite against the arrival of the Burning Legion. The two unlikely allies ultimately agreed to put aside their history of conflict, and worked together to defeat the corrupted Warsong clan of Grom Hellscream in the Barrens. Moving their forces into Ashenvale Forest, the humans and orcs battled with the invading Legion's demons and their Scourge minions, as well as the xenophobic night elf Sentinels. Jaina was able to help in the Legion's defeat at Mount Hyjal with another desperate alliance with the night elves, and eventually decided to stay in Kalimdor with the people that had traveled with her, founding Theramore Isle. Her unlikely treaty with Thrall and the orcs, who settled in nearby Durotar, remained inviolate.
The founding of Durotar
Several months later, the Grand Admiral, figuring that he could not prevent Lordaeron's fall and worrying that his daughter may require help in the western lands, took the remaining ships and sailed to Kalimdor to find her. His grand armada took with it a sizeable portion of Kul Tiras' population, apparently many settlers as well as soldiers and sailors.
At first, the location of Jaina and the survivors of Lordaeron was unknown - was dispatched to scout the whole coastline of Kalimdor, while Proudmoore ordered various forces to head inland (such as Captain Thornby). Camps and fortifications soon sprung up across the eastern coast of Kalimdor. Unwilling to even parlay with the orcs that were his daughter's allies, the Grand Admiral relentlessly attacked the Horde in Durotar. Thrall ultimately ordered retaliation against the humans responsible, although he was unable to conclude them a separate force from Jaina's Theramore. The Kul Tiras fleet began attacking the Horde settlements on the Echo Isles, forcing the Darkspear trolls to relocate to the mainland. Kul Tiras forces even attempted to assassinate Thrall by trying to lure him to a parlay. Finally, and his companions were sent by Thrall to Theramore to deliver a personal plea to explain the spate of human aggression, bypassing Coastal Base.
Jaina met with Thrall's emissaries, and was bewildered by their accusations. Demanding to see proof, they journeyed back to mainland to discover the Coastal Base destroyed by naga. Finding survivors, Jaina recognized them as her countrymen. Teleporting back to Theramore Isle, Jaina was helpless to explain as her father arrived dramatically. Initially overjoyed, Admiral Proudmoore was incensed by his daughter's alliance with the Horde, and ordered her and the emissaries to be seized, taking over Theramore's military and defenses. He returned to his main base at Tidefury Cove in Dustwallow Marsh. Rexxar managed to rouse the trolls, tauren and even Stonemaul ogres to the Horde's banner, and the two factions battled in Tidefury Cove.
Thrall marched his armies towards Theramore where he was advised by a renegade Jaina Proudmoore to hire goblin shipbuilders to construct warships capable of breaking the blockade of Theramore, on the condition that Thrall attempt to spare the lives of her soldiers. After a long and climactic battle within Theramore itself, Daelin Proudmoore lay dead. The remaining humans stood down, and a devastated Jaina ran to her father's side. Thrall left the city intact, and understanding this had been an incident out of Jaina's control, he maintained his treaty with Theramore Isle.
A sizeable, second wave of Kul Tiras sailors and marines from the Grand Admiral's expedition, led by , established themselves in Tiragarde Keep sometime later, continuing to fight the Horde as per Admiral Proudmoore's orders. Even though the Horde was unable to expel them for many years, the Keep and its sailors were finally destroyed by the Cataclysm. The fate of Lieutenant Alverold's expedition around Kalimdor is still unknown.
Sometime after Admiral Proudmoore's death Kul Tiras recessed back into itself and believing that they didn't need the Alliance, Kul Tiras left the organization.
Battle for AzerothThis section concerns content exclusive to Battle for Azeroth.
Kul Tiras returned to world affairs as war between the Horde and Alliance erupted again. The Alliance sought aid from Kul Tiras's navy, but needed to prove its worth to its ruling houses.
Notable people from Kul TirasThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.
People and culture
Kul Tiras is ruled by four houses: House Proudmoore, House Waycrest, House Stormsong and a fourth unidentified house. Each house has a seat on a council that rules the nation. The strength of each seat varies in terms of political power, which leads to political intrigue between the houses.
Something originating from Kul Tiras is known as "Tirasian", a term sometimes erroneously spelled as "Tirassian". At BlizzCon 2017 the term "Kul Tirans" was used too. Quests use Kul Tiran.
While the crews of Tirasian ships are known to be easily amused, the nation's merchant lords are notorious for their bald pates.
Kul Tiras has its own red wine.
The humans of Kul Tiras can have a more robust and rugged look than their continental brethren. Their clothing is made for harsh weather, with high collars. They have a pride and connection with ships, and as such their buildings are inspired by them.
The Tirasians have sea priests devoted to the oceans. The sea priests bless their ships.
Kul Tiras' ruling houses
- House Proudmoore - Led by
- House Waycrest - Presumably led by
- House Stormsong
- 4th unknown House - Maybe led by Lady Ashvane who is bankrolling Tirasian pirates such as .
- Kul Tiras Elite Corps (accompanied 's forces to Kalimdor)
- Admiral's Elite Guard (guarded Admiral Daelin Proudmoore in battle on Theramore Isle)
- Kul'Tiras Marines
- Kul Tiras Irregulars
- Kul Tiras City Guard
- Kul Tiras Marines
Along with the standard human, dwarven, gnomish and historically high elven soldiery of the Alliance, Kul Tiras has employed:
In World of Warcraft, the soldiers of Kul Tiras bearing its tabard include , , Kul Tiras Marines, and Kul Tiras Sailors. These are tagged with the Stormwind faction, but it's story affiliation is unclear.
Sites and settlements
- Main article: Tiragarde Keep
Formerly the citadel of Grand Admiral Daelin Proudmoore during his invasion of Durotar, the ruined fort of Tiragarde Keep was subsequently held by who wished to continue Daelin's campaign to vanquish the orcs from Durotar.This section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.
Its treasures ended up in the hands of .
Tidefury CoveThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos or its expansion The Frozen Throne.
- Main article: Tidefury Cove
Admiral Proudmoore built a number of fortifications along the islands in Tidefury Cove to defend against Horde retaliation against Theramore. These were destroyed in a bitter battle by forces under command of and , Champion of the Horde.
Darkspear IslandsThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos or its expansion The Frozen Throne.
The Kul Tiras marines had a base on the Darkspear Islands. Led by an archmage, they frequently attacked the Darkspears trolls. The Darkspear enlisted the help of Thrall and the Horde to stop the settlement from attacking them. Near the end of the fight, the Horde and marines were captured by the Underworld minions to be sacrificed to the sea witch. Despite sharing a common foe, they continued to attack the Horde. Unlike the Horde, none appeared make out alive - many died in an attempt to break out, and the rest presumably drowned in the sinking of the island.
"Coastal Base"This section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos or its expansion The Frozen Throne.
- Main article: Coastal Base
Settlers from Kul Tiras founded this unnamed town on the shores of Dustwallow Marsh. Although defended by veteran soldiers, it fell to a surprise attack from the naga during Admiral Proudmoore's invasion of Kalimdor.
- Main article: Tol Barad
Following the Second War, what remained of the blackened, derelict battlements was left to languish until the wizards of Kul Tiras claimed the isle for a new purpose. Towering walls were again stacked high from the war-scarred stones, but in their cleverness, the arcanists turned the citadel's defenses inward, designing a mystical prison to hold the most powerful criminals. Serving the Tirasian magi, the Stromic population formed the Baradin's Wardens: charged with ensuring that the deadly prisoners locked away in the mystic Baradin Hold never again walk free on Azeroth.This section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.
The prison, and indeed the island in general, has become a major site of conflict between the Alliance and the Horde, as well as a major daily quest hub in World of Warcraft: Cataclysm.
- Main article: Crestfall
Crestfall is a large island off Kul Tiras's northeast coast, and part of the nation.
Presence in World of Warcraft
Even before the kingdom's debut in Battle for Azeroth, there were Tirasian settlements scattered across the eastern coast of Kalimdor, most notably at Tiragarde Keep in Durotar. The forces of Theramore Isle and Northwatch Hold wear the anchor of Kul Tiras on a white field instead of green, reflecting Theramore's semi-autonomy from Kul Tiras under 's rule. Kul Tiras Marines are briefly mentioned in part of the Missing Diplomat quest chain. appears in Northrend for the quest .
CataclysmThis section concerns content exclusive to Cataclysm.
Kul Tiras was not added in the Cataclysm expansion to World of Warcraft. According to Bornakk, Kul Tiras "will not be visible at the start of Cataclysm – something about tectonic plates shifting it out to sea.... We may yet get to experience Kul Tiras in later patches". At Blizzcon 2010, Alex Afrasiabi responded to a questioner, "We have to save something for the future patches, not now. We will deal with Kul Tiras in the future."
The isle of Tol Barad, however, which used to belong to Kul Tiras, was added in the Cataclysm expansion. Baradin's Wardens, the Alliance faction on Tol Barad, were known to wear Kul Tiras tabards in an early beta screenshot of the Eastern Earthshrine, though it was later changed. Later released info regarding Baradin's Wardens stated that many of them do indeed hail from Kul Tiras, suggesting the kingdom's continued involvement in Alliance affairs.
Despite what was said, the idea of including in Kul Tiras during Cataclysm did not come to light.
LegionThis section concerns content exclusive to Legion.
Battle for AzerothThis section concerns content exclusive to Battle for Azeroth.
|History||Kingdom of Kul Tiras|
|Ruler||Daelin Proudmoore||Tandred Proudmoore||Katherine Proudmoore|
In the RPGThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft RPG and is considered non-canon.
Throughout the Second War, Grand Admiral Daelin Proudmoore proved to be one of the staunchest supporters of the Alliance. Even though the fleets had triumphed in the war, the Horde ships devastated the fleet and it never has recovered since.
During the Third War, Kul Tiras sent its fleets against the undead Scourge that ravaged northern and western Lordaeron but was able to do very little. Most of the ships were destroyed, heavily damaged, or retreated back to Kul Tiras.
People and culture
The people of Kul Tiras are wealthy, especially compared to the ravaged northern lands, and proud of their nation. They wear traditional green and fly flags with Kul Tiras's anchor emblem. Like Hillsbrad's citizens, Kul Tiras's people celebrate Hordefall every year. They hate the Scourge for wiping out the rest of their continent; they hate naga, murlocs and pirates for sinking their ships and stealing their resources; and they hate orcs for decimating their fleets in the Second War. They are staunch members of the Alliance and friends of Ironforge.
In the absence of his father, Admiral is now the acting leader of Kul Tiras. Tandred has built the Kul Tiras fleet back up, but it does not compare to the once grand fleets of years past. With help from his lady friend Captain they do their best to destroy the murlocs, naga, and pirates that threaten the coasts and vessels of Kul Tiras.
The citizens of Kul Tiras possess a deep-seated anxiety. Their eyes dart about. Often looking to the west, where the greatest leaders of Kul Tiras and many of their warriors vanished, they wonder if they will ever again see their missing families. They are glad to have a Proudmoore as their leader, but all know that Tandred is not the man his father was.
In Kul Tiras, murlocs and naga crawl from the sea to torment sailors and fishermen. Pirates roam the waters preying on merchant vessels. Captain Dannol Scurvgrin, a truly vile pirate lord, has ties to the Bloodsail Pirates of the South Seas and sees Kul Tiras as his next big prize.
Notes & trivia
- It was previously stated that Kul Tiras was a city-state until Battle for Azeroth stated that the capital of Kul Tiras is Boralus, originally introduced in the non-canon RPG.
- It is thus likely that the city-state of Kul Tiras later became the capital Boralus.
- Kul Tiras was stated in Cycle of Hatred to be the former home of the Proudmoore family. In Battle for Azeroth, House Proudmoore is still present on the island.
- During their invasion of Durotar, found a Tirasian Shield of Honor.
- The Kul Tiras architecture introduced in Battle for Azeroth is reminiscent of that of Tol Barad, especially in color scheme, which is fitting since Tol Barad was once Kul Tiran territory.
- In The Frozen Throne, the Kul Tiras navy played a similar role as the United Earth Directorate did in StarCraft: Brood War: both were a powerful faction of human soldiers coming from a faraway land to take over the local human government and wage war over the populace of the region.
Kul Tiras in Warcraft IIThis section concerns content exclusive to Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness or its expansion Beyond the Dark Portal.
Leader: Lord Admiral Daelin Proudmoore
Nation Color: Green
Background: Before the First War, the far ranging merchant ships of Kul Tiras made it the most prosperous nation in the known world. When the Orcs began to raid the coastal settlements of Lordaeron, Admiral Proudmoore took it upon himself to construct an armada of warships. At the behest of his long time friend , Proudmoore has pledged the assistance of his merchant-nation to the Alliance.
Warcraft II: Beyond the Dark Portal
The Alliance claimed victory over the Orcish Horde in the Second War, and the Dark Portal was destroyed. With Sir 's death at the siege of Blackrock Spire, Admiral Proudmoore pulled his nation from the Alliance, which had descended into chaotic bickering, especially on what should be done to the orcish clans taken prisoner in the war. Proudmoore objected to King Teranas II of Lordaeron's decision to inter the orcs in camps across Stromgarde and Lordaeron, as many other nations did, as they would all have to share the cost of keeping their former enemies alive, including , Warchief of the Horde. Kul Tiras left the Alliance of Lordaeron sometime afterwards.
The island nation enjoyed a fleeting peace. With the reopening of the Dark Portal, Kul Tiras itself was attacked by a renewed Orcish offensive on the orders of , spiritual leader of the orcs on their homeland of Draenor. Its fleet was assaulted both at sea and in port by the Shadowmoon clan, who laid waste at the very least to its harbor, ships and what armies were rallied against them in a pre-emptive strike in order to allow safe passage to Lordaeron. The carnage wrought upon his homeland left an indelible mark on Admiral Proudmoore's conscience. Kul Tiras rejoined the Alliance.
When Daelin found Jaina in Theramore he told her: "You aren't old enough to remember what these monsters did to our homeland...", implying that Kul Tiras was attacked during the Second War or its aftermath. Alternatively he could also mean the whole of Lordaeron or Eastern Kingdoms. Jaina was 8 years old during the Second War.
Film universeThis section concerns content exclusive to the Warcraft film universe.
Kul Tiras participated in the council that would eventually lead to the creation of the Alliance. They had a female representative.
Kul Tiras' position in Warcraft II.
Kul Tiras during the Invasion of Draenor.
Kul Tiras can be seen in an early WoW map.
Kul Tiras' position in World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1.
- Concept art
- ^ Loreology on Twitter (dead link)
- ^ Sean Copeland on Twitter (2014-08-27) (dead link)
- ^ , Admiral Barean Westwind plaque, Kul'Tiras Marines faction
- ^ Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness and Beyond the Dark Portal mission briefings. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?&v=hTjGagw64KI
- ^ Ask CDev Answers - Round 1
- ^ Day of the Dragon
- ^ Ultimate Visual Guide
- ^ 2017-05-11, BlizzCon 2017 Jeremy Feasel Interview – World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth. Blizzplanet, accessed on 2017-11-05
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1, pg. 133
- ^ The Seven Kingdoms
- ^ Arthas: Rise of the Lich King - "Jaina was the daughter, if not of royalty, of nobility and of a ruler. Her father, Admiral Daelin Proudmoore, ruled the city-state of Kul Tiras, and Jaina had grown up accustomed to interaction with nobility. And yet, Prince Kael'thas unnerved her."
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 2, page 142
- ^ Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness manual
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 2, page 157
- ^ Tol Barad (WC2 Human)
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 2, page 172
- ^ Rosenberg, Aaron. Tides of Darkness, 314. ISBN 978-1-4165-3990-2.
- ^ Beyond the Dark Portal, chapter 11 & 13
- ^ Beyond the Dark Portal, chapter 10
- ^ Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos Game Manual
- ^ "Exodus of the Horde: Riders on the Storm", Warcraft III Demo. Blizzard Entertainment.
- ^ Legends: A Cleansing Fire
- ^ "The Founding of Durotar: Old Hatreds", Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. Blizzard Entertainment. Quote of to : "Jaina, bless the stars, I've found you at last! When I heard that Lordaeron fell, I despaired. But I knew you'd find a way to escape, I..."
- ^ "The Invasion of Kalimdor: Cry of the Warsong", Warcraft III. Blizzard Entertainment.
- ^ a b c d e Arthaus. Lands of Conflict, 101,102. ISBN 9781588469601.
- ^ "The Founding of Durotar: To Tame a Land", Warcraft III. Blizzard Entertainment. The assassins sent to kill Thrall are confused why thinks Jaina is their leader; Rexxar: "And you are not Jaina Proudmoore...", 'Emissary': "Jaina? Why would you think she would be... Bah! Enough of this drivel!"
- ^ Lost Codex BlizzCon 2017 Interview
- ^ a b c 2017-11-03, WOW: BATTLE FOR AZEROTH NEW CONTINENTS, ZONES, BLIZZCON 2017. Blizzpro, retrieved on 2017-04-11
- ^ 2017-05-11, BlizzCon 2017 Jeremy Feasel Interview – World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth. Blizzplanet, accessed on 2017-11-05
- ^ Loreology on Twitter (dead link)
- ^ Inferred from Tirassian wind-runner, a type of ship from Kul Tiras
- ^ The Last Guardian
- ^ Lord of His Pack
- ^ MMO-Champion: The Art of World of Warcraft
- ^ The Founding of Durotar: A Blaze of Glory, Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. Blizzard Entertainment.
- ^ a b Cycle of Hatred
- ^ The Founding of Durotar: Old Hatreds, Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. Blizzard Entertainment.
- ^ Archived page
- ^ Tol Barad
- ^ MMO Champion Blue Tracker: Ask CDev #1 Answers - Round 1
- ^ http://www.mmo-champion.com/content/2035-Blizzcon-2010-WoW-Quests-and-Lore-Panel
- ^ http://worldofwarcraft.judgehype.com/images.php?img=162801
- ^ http://us.battle.net/wow/en/faction/baradins-wardens
- ^ Arthas: Rise of the Lich King, chapter 6: Her father, Admiral Daelin Proudmoore, ruled the city-state of Kul Tiras...
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1
- ^ Cycle of Hatred, chapter 3
- ^ Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness manual, Nations of the Alliance, Kul Tiras
- ^ a b Assault on Kul Tiras (WC2 Orc)
- ^ a b Warcraft II: Beyond the Dark Portal - Aftermath of the Second War (manual text)
- ^ The Seas of Azeroth (WC2 Orc)
- ^ "The Founding of Durotar: Old Hatreds", Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. Blizzard Entertainment. Quote of to : "You have always been naive, my daughter. You aren't old enough to remember what these monsters did to our homeland. The orcs and their kin cannot be trusted. They must be exterminated like the mongrels they are!"