Old Gods' forces
|This article's name is unofficial.|
|Other major settlements|
|Base of operations|
|Theater of operations|
- “It is a small matter to control the mind of the weak... for I bear allegiance to powers untouched by time, unmoved by fate. No force on this world or beyond harbors the strength to bend our knee... not even the mighty Legion!”
The forces of the Old Gods, known in ancient times as the Black Empire, are a vaguely united faction of all the entities and organizations that serve the Old Gods. In recent times its members either serve the Old Gods directly, or had allied with Deathwing, to achieve their own objectives with the support of the Old Gods. Deathwing is perhaps the most powerful servant of the Old Gods.
Although they suffered a crushing defeat long ago at the hands of the Pantheon, and the Old Gods along with most of their minions had been imprisoned, the Old Gods' activities on Azeroth have been steadily increasing, culminating in the Cataclysm, when they launched a major offensive in an attempt to escape their prisons, crush opposition and return to power, until eventually being pushed back by Horde and Alliance forces.
- 1 Membership
- 1.1 Major members
- 1.1.1 Old Gods' creatures and creations
- 1.1.2 Twilight's Hammer
- 1.1.3 N'Zoth's forces
- 1.1.4 Infinite Dragonflight
- 1.1.5 Yogg-saron's forces
- 1.1.6 C'Thun's forces
- 1.1.7 Y'Shaarj's forces †
- 1.1.8 G'huun's forces
- 1.1.9 The Firelands minions of Ragnaros
- 1.1.10 The Skywall minions of Al'Akir
- 1.1.11 The Necrodark †
- 1.1.12 Beyond Azeroth
- 1.2 Allies
- 1.3 Former allies
- 1.1 Major members
- 2 Notable leaders
- 3 Status of the factions
- 4 Notes and trivia
- 5 Gallery
- 6 Speculation
- 7 References
Old Gods' creatures and creations
The Old Gods have spawned and favoured many creatures throughout the ages for their servitude:
- Faceless - Mysterious monsters related and often employed as soldiers by the Old Gods. They are divided between regular N'raqi and the C'Thraxxi, the so called Faceless generals. Erudax, Uul'gyneth, General Vezax and Warlord Zon'ozz are notable C'Thraxxi and Soggoth the Slitherer is very huge regular N'raqi.
- Merciless ones - Aquatic parasitic aberrations that appear with other servants.
- Leviathan Kraken - There is one that serves the Old Gods, controlled by the Naga.
- Forgotten ones - Beings of great size bound to the Old Gods. Go'rath, Shu'ma and Iso'rath are thought to be forgotten ones.
- Azerothian Hydras - Hydras in Azeroth are found along the coasts of Darkshore, Ashenvale and Dustwallow Marsh, and were also found in Azshara before the Shattering. Some seem to be intelligent and might be the favored pets or servants of the Old Gods. Aku'mai carries within her a small measure of the Old Gods' power. Another notable example is Kai'ju Gahz'rilla.
The Twilight's Hammer Cult was originally a clan composed of the pale orcs of the planet Draenor founded by the ogre-mage Cho'gall as a destructive cult hell-bent on bringing about the apocalypse. Based in Silithus since the defeat of the Horde during the Second War, in the midst of the cataclysm they have been found recruiting members of both the Alliance and the Horde with doomsayers proclaiming the imminent destruction of the world itself and promising its members glory and power. Other than the Horde and Alliance they have influenced weaker or desperate factions, including the almost extinct sand trolls and the rebellious Dark Iron dwarves. Led by Cho'gall and the Twilight Council, they attempt to claim the Twilight Highlands for the Old Gods who they believe to be the world's true masters, and eventually all of Azeroth itself. More recently with the fall of Cho'gall at the hands of Azeroth's champions Archbishop Benedictus, now dubbing himself the "Twilight Father", and later the "Twilight Prophet", has risen to guide the remains of the cult but eventually he is taken down as well and the clan was been splintered. Some have traveled to the tomb of the heroic titanic watcher Tyr, hidden beneath the Whispering Forest in Tirisfal Glades. There, led by an former Alliance bishop and now traitor, they attempt to resurrect a C'Thrax named Zakajz the Corruptor using . Another branch was found attacking Deepholm alongside the remnants of the twilight dragonflight, led by Zeryxia, who hears the whispers of Sintharia.
- Led by the Twilight Council. Historical leaders include Cho'gall, Archbishop Benedictus, Twilight Deacon Farthing, Zeryxia and Burglosh the Earthbreaker.
- The Cult has many members of different races, many of them traitors of their own nations:
- Mortal betrayers from Alliance and Horde.
- Ogre - Many are attracted by the promises of power of Cho'gall.
- Gronn - While many were enslaved and some joined the cult, notably Skullcrusher the Mountain.
- Dark Iron clan - Some decided to stay loyal the Twilight Hammer and Ragnaros.
- Sandfury tribe - Allied with the Twilight's Hammer in a desperate attempt.
- Vrykul - Seen as the elite units led by Warmaster Blackhorn.
- Ascendant - Various mortals have joined the cult, attracted by the promise to ascend and "reborn" as elemental ascendants. The Ascendant Council judged which mortal where worthy of Elemental Ascension.
- Elemental - Many elementals are under servitude of the Twilight Hammer.
Neltharion the Earthwarder was corrupted during the War of the Ancients into the service of the Old Gods with his dragonflight and renamed himself Deathwing. However he suffered wounds too great in the events of the Day of the Dragon and had to retreat into Deepholm to heal himself, where he beat the stone dragons into submission to serve him. In his absence, his mate Sintharia and their children Onyxia and Nefarian took over his dragonflight. With the Cataclysm, Deathwing and his flight returned and resurrected Sinestra and Nefarian as undead, the latter which resurrected his sister Onyxia. Reinforced by Sinestra's creation the Twilight Dragonflight, they allied with the elemental lords Ragnaros of the Firelands and Al'akir of the Skywall, and together with the Twilight's Hammer they work to bring the Hour of Twilight.
Many other dragonkin have been corrupted and changed by the old gods.
- Led by Deathwing.
- Black dragonflight - Along with their aspect, many dragons fell to the madness of the Old Gods.
- Chromatic dragonflight - An experimental dragonflight intended to rule all others, created by Nefarian.
- Twilight dragonflight - A very deadly dragonflight intended to destroy all life on Azeroth, created by Sintharia.
The Dark Horde †
The Dark Horde is a renegade group of various races made of troops from the Old Horde that managed to avoid capture and reject the leadership of the Horde. Now under the control of Nefarian and the Black Dragonflight, they are based around Blackrock Mountain and have forces from Elwynn Forest to the Wetlands, though they are stronger in the Burning Steppes. The Dark Horde wages war against both the Alliance and the Horde, and used to fight the Dark Iron clan and its master Ragnaros until the return of Deathwing and his alliance with the Elemental Lord of fire.
- Led by Warchief Rend Blackhand and controlled by Nefarian.
- Orcs - Many clans believe that Rend Blackhand is the true warchief and follow his command:
- Forest trolls - Some trolls remember the aid given to them by the Old Horde and remain with what they believe is the true Horde:
- Ogres - Some Ogre clans decided to stay united under the Dark Horde:
- Goblins - The Dark Horde employs various Goblin mercenaries.
- Dragons - The Dark Horde has corrupted Dragons of all dragonflights.
- Gnolls - Although they were never in the Old Horde, some gnolls have formed an alliance with the Dark Horde in the Redridge Mountains.
- Demons - Many orcs in the Dark Horde summon imps, felhounds, and felguards.
The Nazjatar Empire
In the end of the War of the Ancients, after the Shattering happened, Queen Azshara and the Highborne tried their best to keep the waters at bay, but struck a pact with a mysterious power that turned them into the reptile Naga. Now as underwater inhabitants in a sunken city they worked their way into shaping a underwater empire, enslaving many aquatic races like murlocs, and taming many beasts like tube wyrms, couatl, dragon turles and snap dragons, with Azshara leading them and against beings like Leviroth and the Kvaldir. The empire's capital city is known as Nazjatar.
- Queen Azshara. Ruled by the Empress of Nazjatar, Queen of the Naga,
- highborne that served the queen were turned into Naga by a mysterious force, believed to be the Old God N'Zoth. The former
- The naga have enslaved many races:
- Some corrupted Stormsong tidesages have joined Azshara after their leader fell to her masters' whispers.
Although the Old Gods created the Emerald Nightmare and transformed Xavius, first of the satyrs, into the Nightmare Lord, Xavius was defeated. Now revived, he has rejoined his former allies and spreads the Nightmare in their name. But his true loyalties still remain with the Old Gods.
- Demons - Xavius have demons under his command.
- The Emerald Nightmare has corrupted various beings linked to the Emerald Dream.
- Some green dragons have fell to corruption, including the former aspect of their flight.
- Cenarius' Children have been corrupted by the Emerald Nightmare, including their progenitor. Some
Infinite dragonflight - The meddlesome force focused on destroying the true timeway. They are helping the Old Gods to bring about the Hour of Twilight, though their reasons for doing so are not entirely clear.
- Led by Murozond.
- Aedelas Blackmoore from an alternate timeline is an agent of the Infinite Dragonflight.
Ulduar is where the old god Yogg-Saron was sealed, but it wasn't strong enough to stop his influence from spreading over the milleniums, corrupting the Prime-designate Loken, the other Titanic watchers (Frejya, Hodir, Mimiron and Thorim), and other titanic constructs, like giants and mechagnomes and their creations. With control over the Forge of Wills, the corrupted Loken started creating a new army like many other's of the titan's creation's (earthen, giants and vrykul) but made of iron instead of stone and empowered by runes. However the Explorers' League together with the Kirin Tor and the Horde mounted an offensive against Yogg-Saron's forces and managed to kill him and save the corrupted watchers, except for Loken which was killed earlier by heroes in the Halls of Lightning, and with the death of the Prime designate, Algalon the observer came to Azeroth to judge its corruption in order to re-originate it.
- Faceless ones. The Yogg-saron's
- The corrupted titanic creations of Ulduar:
- Loken until his death at the hands of adventurers. Led by the corrupt Prime designate
- Once titanic watchers like Thorim, Freya, Hodir and Mimiron were secondary leaders of the Ulduar's corrupted ones until been freed by the adventurers.
- The Halls of Winter. Hodir's many Winter servants in
- The Conservatory of Life. The corrupted nature guardians that serves Freya in
- Mechagnomes that have been enslaved into the Old God's service trough Mimiron. The
- Fire giants like Fjorn, Volkhan and Ignis that forged a lot of constructs for the iron army.
- The iron army
- Assembly of Iron, composed by Stormcaller Brundir,Runemaster Molgeim and Steelbreaker. Commanded by the
- iron dwarves are part of this army. The
- Iron giants are the largest combatants of the Iron ones.
- Iron golems are massive constructs into the armada.
- Iron vrykuls are a kind titanic creation like the other that make their part for the armada.
- Plated proto-drake, which the only known is Razorscale made from the former brood-mother Veranus. A
- stone giants to their will by the use of runes, turning them into Runed Giants. The Iron dwarves are capable of bending the
- Vordrassil, which houses the city Grizzlemaw, is under yogg-saron influence together with its inhabitants, the furbolg, leaving them as corrupted aggressive savage beasts. The remnants of the world tree
Ahn'Qiraj is a fortress city in southern silithus, and it's the home of the qiraji a race descended from the aqir, that were shaped by C'thun, from the silithid. They first threatened the world with the War of the Shifting Sands, where they were sealed inside their own fortress city. They tried a new offensive but utterly failed against the Might of Kalimdor, ending with the death of the Twin Emperors, rulers of the qiraji, and with them their master C'thun. Cho'gall and the Twilight Hammer took over Ahn'Qiraj while he mutated, and tried using C'thun's corpse to corrupt the Med'an the soon-to-be Guardian.
- Qiraji emperors, Vek'lor and Vek'nilash are the rulers of the qiraji. The
- Kingdom of Ahn'Qiraj found in the southern part of Silithus. The insectoids of the city-
- The Qiraji have built and enslaved many constructs for war.
- Silithid servants of 15 castes grouped into 12 hives. The Qiraji have many
Y'Shaarj's forces †
Living in what is now called Pandaria, the mantid are the oldest inhabitants of the western part of the continent and followers of a dead Old God Y'Shaarj. Throughout countless millenia, they awaited for his return, until his heart was discovered and subsequently revived by Garrosh Hellscream.
- Grand Empress Shek'zeer was the recent ruler of the empire, until she was deposed by the Klaxxi.
- Imperial Vizier Zor'lok the unwaveringly loyal Voice of the Empress.
- The Klaxxi is an ancient organization that possibly began as a priesthood of some sort, dedicated to the Old God Y'Shaarj.
A coalition of disparate factions in Zandalar, spearheaded by the Dark Prophet Zul. The prophet has pledged his allegiance to G'huun, seeking to break the entity out of its prison beneath the titan research facility of Uldir alongside the blood trolls of Nazmir, known as the children of G'huun.
- Mythrax is a C'Thrax that descended upon Zandalar in the past, but was defeated by the loa Sethraliss. His objective was to destroy the titan discs serving as seals of G'huun's prison. He was later resurrected by General Jakra'zet, and Mythrax retreated towards Uldir to await further orders from G'huun.
- Zul is the leader of the Atal'zul faction, spearheading efforts across the entirety of Zandalar to free his master.
- Yazma is a former priestess of Shadra whose power she had stolen, serving as Zul's lieutenant. She works to maintain control over the tombs of Atal'Dazar.
- General Jakra'zet is a Sandfury troll that rise to prominence in the Zanchuli Council before Zul's coup, using his position to scheme alongside the sethrak Emperor Korthek to resurrect Mythrax the Unraveler.
- Ateena is the matriarch of the blood troll tribes in Nazmir.
- Emperor Korthek is the leader of the Faithless, a faction of sethrak who had betrayed the loa Sethraliss and decided to revive Mythrax.
The Firelands minions of Ragnaros
Ragnaros allied with Deathwing when he was promised to burn Azeroth together with his minions. Without Therazane or Neptulon interfering, he decided to start with the world tree of Nordrassil with the support of the Twilight Hammer, prompting the druids of the Cenarion Circle and the Ancient Guardians to oppose him. He was beaten back to the Firelands by Cenarius, Hamuul and Malfurion, and after some days of preparations, the druids are prepared to invade the Firelands and kill Ragnaros forever.
- Ragnaros, ruler of the Firelands has agreed to ally with Deathwing.
- Fire Elementals are the servants of Ragnaros, shaped in various forms.
- Cenarion Circle in Mount Hyjal and joined Ragnaros. Using his power conjointly with of nature they called themselves the Druid of the Flame, group led by Fandral and Leyara. Many night elf druids have betrayed the
The Skywall minions of Al'Akir
Free from the imprisonment of the Skywall, Al'Akir and his air elementals joined forces with Deathwing in an attempt to obtain the re-origination device the titans left in Uldum. To fight the Tol'vir, his ancient enemies, he called the support of the Conclave of Wind and Skywall's many denizens.
- Al'Akir, ruler of the Skywall has agreed to work with Deathwing.
- Air Elementals are the servants of Al'Akir, shaped into various forms.
- Some mortal tribes have served with Al'Akir.
The Necrodark †
- A resurgent faction of drogbar, led by the C'Thrax Uul'gyneth, who battled against Huln Highmountain in ancient times, and stirred by Ebonhorn's absence from Highmountain while visiting Thunder Bluff.
- Sethekk and the Dark Conclave arakkoa serve a mysterious master. The latter group, magically augmented by Gul'dan's curse, attempt to summon their master, which they call it an ancient and powerful evil. The
- Black Blood of Draenor are oozes. The oozes of Azeroth have been at various times associated with the Old Gods, and it's very similar in name to Black Blood of Yogg-Saron, a ore made from the blood of the Old God Yogg-Saron. The
- Harbinger Skyriss is a qiraji prophet and servant of an Old God, imprisoned in the Arcatraz of Tempest Keep. According to A'dal, he seeks to usher his masters' vision of conquering all of the worlds in the universe.
- Queen Azshara through Illidan's Naga, Illidan and his forces can be considered allies (indirect or not) of the Old Gods. By allying with
Abyssal Maw servants of Neptulon The
- Abyssal Maw is their realm.
- Elemental Lord is Neptulon.
- Neptulon was attacked by the naga backed by the Old Gods' faceless ones in a attempt to conquer his realm. After a confrontation with Lady Nazjar and Ozumat he was beaten back to the Abyssal Maw, at which point heroes attempted to rescue him, but ultimately failed as Neptulon was quickly taken away by Ozumat.
- Deepholm is their realm.
- Elemental Lord is Therazane.
- Therazane has taken no liking to the Old Gods' plans for Deepholm after Deathwing broke the World Pillar, endangering her plane and Azeroth. After an invasion by the Twilight Hammer, she and her kin made a temporary alliance with the Earthen Ring to solve those problems that the Old Gods caused though their forces. After the pillar is rebuilt she requests the hero to help her rebuild Deepholm.
Known Old Gods
- Ancient and powerful evil
- Y'Shaarj †
- Sha (originated directly from Y'Shaarj)
- G'huun (An Old God spawned through titan experimentation in Uldir)
- Aeonus †
Status of the factions
Known major factions
|Faction||Pre-titanic Azeroth||Titanic ordering of Azeroth||Post-titanic Azeroth to the War of the Ancients||Post-WotA and Before Dark Portal||After Dark Portal to the invasion of Outland||War against the Lich King to the War Against the Nightmare||Cataclysm to the third invasion||Current status|
|Yogg-Saron's forces||Already existed; fighting against N'Zoth's forces. Aftewards established conjointly with other Old Gods the Black Empire.||Defeated and imprisoned by the Pantheon.||Still imprisoned, seeking freedom.||Expanding their influence, boosted by Loken's betrayal.||Silent.||Seeking freedom; causes an uprising to scape imprisonment, but the plan is foiled when Loken and his iron army get defeated by heroes.||Seeking resurgence.||Recovering|
|N'Zoth's forces||Already existed; fighting against C'Thun's forces and Yogg-Saron's forces. Aftewards established conjointly with other Old Gods the Black Empire.||Defeated and imprisoned by the Pantheon.||Still imprisoned seeking freedom; helps to corrupt Neltharion into Deathwing.||Expanding their influence, boosted by the creation of the Empire of Nazjatar.||The naga emerges to the surface, after ten thousand years apparently silent.||Became a large threat for Azeroth through the Emerald Nightmare, led by Xavius, the Nighmare Lord. Defeated afterwards.||Resurfaces at large scale declaring war to bring the Hour of Twilight, but defeated; Deathwing is killed, his mortal followers repelled and other servant organizations like Dark Horde and both Chromatic and Twilight dragonflights are defeated as well.||Active|
|C'Thun's forces||Already existed; fighting against N'Zoth's forces. Aftewards established conjointly with other Old Gods the Black Empire.||Defeated and heavy weakened by the Pantheon.||Trying to recover.||Partially recovered, but sealed into the Scarab wall.||Resurfaces declaring war, menacing Kalimdor and Azeroth as a whole but defeated by the Might of Kalimdor coalition. Ahn'Qiraj turns on a fallen kingdom.||The Twilight's Hammer makes Ahn'Qiraj as their base of operations seeking Med'an and his powers to resurrect a so inanimate C'Thun, but they and their leader are defeated by the New Council of Tirisfal.||Weakened/Demi-Active.||Defeated|
|Y'Shaarj's forces||Unknown initial previous status. Established conjointly with other Old Gods the Black Empire.||Defeated, beheaded, and heavy weakened shortly after; Y'Shaarj is effectively killed by Aman'Thul, cursing the land with Sha, but the Mantid and their empire still loyal to him.||The mantid wage many discontinuous wars against the mogu during the Age of a Hundred Kings.||Silent, isolated by the effect of the Pandarian mists.||Still silent.||Still silent.||The mantid ally with the True Horde to symbol their loyalty to Y'Shaarj's heart.||Heavy weakened and with no Old God leading it.|
|Faction||Titanic ordering of Azeroth||Post-titanic Azeroth until War of the Ancients||Post-WotA and Before Dark Portal||After Dark Portal and before WoW||Ahn'Qiraj War to War Against the Nightmare||Cataclysm to war in Draenor||Third invasion of the Burning Legion||Unknown future||Current status|
|Black dragonflight||-||Created but corrupted by the Old Gods and joins N'Zoth's forces||-||-||-||Defeated and destroyed||-||-||Destroyed|
|Empire of Nazjatar||-||-||Created, joined N'Zoth, but silently||Finally emerges to surface||-||Defeated, but still active||-||-||Unknown|
|Emerald Nightmare||-||-||-||-||Created, turns on a serious threat to Azeroth but end defeated||-||Defected||-||Seems traitor|
|Kingdom of Ahn'Qiraj||-||Created and joins C'Thun's forces||-||Imprisoned||Defeated and destroyed||-||-||-||Fallen, remnants still|
|Twilight's Hammer||-||-||-||-||Operative||Defeated, repelled and nearly destroyed||-||-||Weakened, defeated and repelled|
|Iron army||-||-||-||-||Created and defeated||-||-||-||Defeated and destroyed|
|Infinite Dragonflight||-||-||-||-||-||Rescues Garrosh from his trial in Pandaria||-||Created||Unknown|
|Deepholm||-||Defected after defeat||-||-||-||Turn enemy||-||-||Healthy, rejoined Azeroth against the Burning Legion|
|Firelands||-||Defected after defeat||Rejoined after the WotTH||-||-||-||Defected||-||Healthy, rejoined Azeroth against the Burning Legion|
|Skywall||-||Defected after defeat||-||-||-||Rejoined||Defected||-||Healthy, rejoined Azeroth against the Burning Legion|
|Abyssal Maw||-||Defected after defeat||-||-||-||Turn enemy||-||-||Healthy, rejoined Azeroth against the Burning Legion|
|Mantid Empire||-||-||-||-||-||-||Allied with the True Horde, but defeated and repelled||-||Repelled|
Notes and trivia
- Even though the sha are fragments of Y'Shaarj's power, they are aimless, not affiliated to the Old Gods' forces.
- Shapeless ones were concepted as the "Play-Doh of the Old Gods" for Cataclysm but were eventually cut.
The Old Gods' prisons can be seen as the capitals of their forces. They are:
- Chamber of C'Thun, Ahn'Qiraj (formerly) - C'Thun's location
- Prison of Yogg-Saron, Ulduar (formerly) - Yogg-Saron's location
- N'Zoth's currently unknown location roughly lies halfway between Uldaman and the Maelstrom.
- A mysterious city named Ny'alotha, mentioned by Yogg-Saron and Y'Shaarj, seemingly located at the bottom of the ocean.
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d12rVj7TVE
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d12rVj7TVE
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gj941nELKww
- ^ Karsh Steelbender quotes
- ^ Chris Metzen, Mists of Pandaria launch party, 2012
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 2, pg. 127
- ^ Mindbender Ghur'sha
- ^ The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm
- ^ a b c d e f Encounter Journal
- ^ The History of Warcraft - Chapter I: Mythos, pg 4 (dead link)
- ^ The History of Warcraft - Chapter I: Mythos, pg 6 (dead link)
- ^ Dungeon: Stonecore
- ^ Blackrock Spire
- ^ Burning demon mobs in Blackrock Spire
- ^ Warcraft Encyclopedia: Naga
- ^ The History of Warcraft - Chapter I: Mythos, pg 7
- ^ Naga sea witch unit
- ^ Lady Naz'jar fight in Throne of Tides
- ^ Naga faction in Warcraft III
- ^ World of Warcraft: Legion
- ^ Emerald Nightmare raid: Malfurion Stormrage yells: No doubt Xavius and his ancient master delight that so much of our attention goes to fighting the Legion. Their insidious shadow seeps into our world, distracting us with whispers and doubts.
- ^ a b World of Warcraft: Stormrage
- ^ Golden, Christie. Thrall: Twilight of the Aspects.
- ^ a b Dungeons - Ulduar
- ^ a b
- ^ a b
- ^ a b c
- ^ a b
- ^ http://forums.worldofwarcraft.com/thread.html?topicId=25626575587&sid=1
- ^ a b Ulduar Bosstiary
- ^ a b Brann's comments when Sjonnir The Ironshaper is slain
- ^ Ulduar Bosstiary
- ^ a b Prophecy of C'Thun
- ^ World of Warcraft: The Comic, Hard Choices
- ^ Twin Emperors
- ^ Monsters of Ahn'Qiraj - Anubisath
- ^ Monsters of Ahn'Qiraj - Obsidian Destroyer
- ^ a b c Ask CDev 1
- ^ 4.2 preview
- ^ Firelands (instance)
- ^ Molten Front
- ^ Raid: Throne of the Four Winds
- ^ Vortex Pinnacle
- ^ Throne of the Four Winds
- ^ Dungeon: Throne of the Tides
- ^ Diamant the Patient in Deepholm
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d12rVj7TVE
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d12rVj7TVE
- ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gj941nELKww
- ^ World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1, pg. 44 - 45 (map)